Alveolar Echinococcosis

Common Name(s)

Alveolar Echinococcosis

Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by tapeworms that are transmitted to humans from animals. Infection occurs when humans ingest parasite eggs in contaminated food, water, or soil, or through direct contact with infected animals. This disease occurs in four forms, although the two most important forms to humans are cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis. Signs and symptoms of alveolar echinococcosis include an incubation period of 5-15 years, and the slow growth of a tumor-like lesion, usually in the liver. Other symptoms include weight loss, abdominal pain, general malaise, and signs of hepatic failure. Other general symptons of echinococcosis include nausea, vomiting, and cough. Cystic echinococcosis occurs on every continent except Antarctica, and alveolar echinococcosis is located solely in the northern hemisphere, particularly the areas of China, Russia, and some countries in continental Europe and North America. Prevalence is greater in rural areas where animals are slaughtered. Echinococcosis is treatable, but often expensive and complicated to treat, and can require extensive surgery or prolonged drug therapy.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Alveolar Echinococcosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Alveolar Echinococcosis" returned 139 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Biological characteristics of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging of cerebral alveolar echinococcosis.
 

Author(s): Amina Yibulayin, Xiao-Hong Li, Yong-De Qin, Xiao-Yan Jia, Qi-Zhou Zhang, Yu-Bin Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(39):e11801.

 

This study aims to analyze the characteristics of F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) for cerebral alveolar echinococcosis (CAE).Twenty-five CAE patients underwent F-FDG PET/CT, and the diagnosis was confirmed by clinical and surgical ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Field evaluation of an immunochromatographic test for diagnosis of cystic and alveolar echinococcosis.
 

Author(s): Chun-Hua Gao, Jun-Yun Wang, Feng Shi, Dietmar Steverding, Xia Wang, Yue-Tao Yang, Xiao-Nong Zhou

Journal:

 

The larval stages of the tapeworms Echinocoocus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis are the causative agents of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) and human alveolar echinococcosis (AE), respectively. Both CE and AE are chronic diseases characterised by long asymptomatic periods ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Progress in the pharmacological treatment of human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis: Compounds and therapeutic targets.
 

Author(s): Mar Siles-Lucas, Adriano Casulli, Roberto Cirilli, David Carmena

Journal:

 

Human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis are helmintic zoonotic diseases caused by infections with the larval stages of the cestode parasites Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, respectively. Both diseases are progressive and chronic, and often fatal if left unattended ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Alveolar Echinococcosis" returned 16 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Potential risk factors associated with human alveolar echinococcosis: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Franz J Conraths, Carolina Probst, Alessia Possenti, Belgees Boufana, Rosella Saulle, Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Busani, Adriano Casulli

Journal:

 

Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a severe zoonotic disease caused by the metacestode stage of Echinococcus multilocularis. AE is commonly associated with a long incubation period that may last for more than ten years. The objective of this systematic literature review was to ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Alveolar echinococcosis of the right adrenal gland: a case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Silke Spahn, Birgit Helmchen, Urs Zingg

Journal:

 

Extrahepatic manifestations of Echinococcus multilocularis are very rare, especially in the adrenal glands. To the best of our knowledge, only seven cases of adrenal alveolar echinococcosis have been reported, all from the Far East. All of these occurred exclusively in the right adrenal gland.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Multiorgan resection with inferior vena cava reconstruction for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Wei Li, Hong Wu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Jun;95(23):e3768.

 

Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a life-threatening parasitic disease characterized by its tumor-like growth. Radical operation is deemed the curable method for AE treatment if R0-resection is achievable. We present a 26-year-old AE patient with AE lesions invading the right lobe of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

MR Assessment of Hepatic Hydatid Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cystic Echincoccosis; Hydatid Disease

 

Last Updated: 3 May 2018

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Intestinal Parasites in Inhabitants of Kuyavian-Pomeranian Province in Poland
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Intestinal Disease, Parasitic; Chronic Disease

 

Last Updated: 30 Mar 2018

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