Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5762 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Koilonychia in Iron-Deficiency Anemia.
 

Author(s): Samad Ghaffari, Leili Pourafkari

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2018 Aug;379(9):e13.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Spur-Cell Anemia.
 

Author(s): Kaleb Keyserling, Steven Koprowski

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2018 Aug;379(8):774.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Enamel defects and tooth eruption disturbances in children with sickle cell anemia.
 

Author(s): Caroline Maria Igrejas Lopes, Marília Cabral Cavalcanti, Ana Cláudia Alves E Luna, Kátia Maria Gonçalves Marques, Maria José Rodrigues, Valdenice Aparecida DE Menezes

Journal:

 

Sickle cell anemia, a genetic disease caused by a mutation in the beta-globin gene, can present oral manifestations such as delayed tooth eruption and hypomineralized enamel and dentin. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of developmental defects ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 570 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A 10-year delayed diagnosis of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome characterized by refractory iron-deficiency anemia: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Xue Tang, Ju Gao, Xue Yang, Xia Guo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10873.

 

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare vascular disorder consisting of multifocal venous malformations. Delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis frequently occurs in patients without typical cutaneous lesions or gastrointestinal bleeding symptoms. This article reports a 10-year ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Epoetin Biosimilars in the Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Anemia: 10 Years' Experience Gained.
 

Author(s): Matti Aapro, Andriy Krendyukov, Martin Schiestl, Pere Gascón

Journal: BioDrugs. 2018 Apr;32(2):129-135.

 

High-quality, safe, and effective biosimilars have the potential to increase access to biological therapies worldwide and to reduce cancer care costs. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) was the first regulatory authority to establish legislative procedures for the approval of biosimilars ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Anemia, intractable vomiting, chronic diarrhea, and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic secretion: a diagnostic dilemma: Disseminated strongyloidosis in a patient with newly diagnosed HTLV infection-case report and review of literature.
 

Author(s): Hassan Tariq, Muhammad Umar Kamal, Pavithra Reddy, Bharat Bajantri, Masooma Niazi, Ajsza Matela, Cosmina Zeana, Ariyo Ihimoyan, Anil Dev, Sridhar Chilimuri

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(52):e9229.

 

Strongyloidiasis hyperinfection and disseminated disease have high mortality rates due to several complications and early detection of Strongyloides infection is therefore prudent.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Prevalence Study of the Etiology of Pregnancy Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pregnancy Anemia

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2018

Go to URL
Impact of Preoperative Anemia on Healthcare Outcomes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia

 

Last Updated: 5 Sep 2018

Go to URL
Bovine Lactoferrin Versus Ferrous Sulphate In The Treatment Of Iron Deficiency Anemia During Pregnancy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia During Pregnancy

 

Last Updated: 5 Jul 2018

Go to URL