Anemia

Common Name(s)

Anemia, Anemias

Anemia occurs when there is a decreased amount of hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein inside red blood cells, that helps carry oxygen throughout the body. Symptoms include general weakness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, pale skin, and lightheadedness. Severe anemia, when it goes untreated, can cause heart and other organ failures, and in rare and extreme cases, even death. Although there are many types of anemia, anemias are categorized into three main groups: anemia caused by blood loss, anemia caused by decreased red blood cell production, and anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells. Anemia through blood loss is usually caused from gastrointestinal bleeding such as ulcers or hemorrhoids, but can also occur from surgery or frequent blood donations. Anemia is also more commonly in females than in males due to menstruation and pregnancy. Anemia due to a lack of red blood cell production or increased red blood cell destruction can be due to abnormal red blood cells or various other conditions or factors including sickle cell anemia, iron and other vitamin deficiencies, poor dieting, bone marrow conditions, organ irregularities, infections, and toxins.

Anemia can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a simple blood test, although diagnosing the type of anemia may require more tests. Treatments vary depending on the severity and kind of the anemia including proper dieting, iron, and vitamin supplements. If the anemia is severe other treatments, including blood transfusions or medications, may be needed. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mucolipidosis Type IV (ML4) Foundation

The mission of the Foundation is to fund, promote and support scientific research dedicated to developing treatments and a cure for ML4 by providing critical financial support to researchers; linking individuals with ML4 to researchers for clinical studies; sponsoring symposia and other programs to encourage scientific cooperation, collaboration, and communication among researchers, the medical community, goverment organizations, and the patient community.

http://www.ml4.org

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anemia" returned 5810 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Macrocytic anemia is associated with the severity of liver impairment in patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis: a retrospective cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Jian Yang, Bin Yan, Lihong Yang, Huimin Li, Yajuan Fan, Feng Zhu, Jie Zheng, Xiancang Ma

Journal:

 

Macrocytic anemia is common in liver disease. However, its role in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related decompensated cirrhosis remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between macrocytic anemia and the severity of liver impairment in patients with ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Plasma hemoglobin concentration among pregnant and non-pregnant women in Mwanza: are we using correct reference values to diagnose anemia in pregnancy?
 

Author(s): Haruna Dika, Elizabeth Masawe, Shabani Iddi, Richard Rumanyika

Journal:

 

The definition of anemia has attracted considerable interest because several studies have demonstrated that hematologic profile vary with ethnicity in addition to age, sex and altitude. This has led scholars to recommend the use of population specific hematologic reference values ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Case report of mixed-type autoimmune hemolytic anemia in a patient with relapsing polychondritis.
 

Author(s): Qianyun Xu, Hui Luo, Xiaoxia Zuo, Sijia Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Oct;97(40):e12716.

 

Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare autoimmune-related disease and may be associated with other autoimmune diseases.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anemia" returned 580 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A quick scoping review of efficacy, safety, economic, and health-related quality-of-life outcomes of short- and long-acting erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia and chronic kidney disease anemia.
 

Author(s): Luiz H Arantes, Jeffrey Crawford, Pere Gascon, Mark Latymer, Vincent Launay-Vacher, Catherine Rolland, Florian Scotte, Jay Wish

Journal: Crit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.. 2018 Sep;129():79-90.

 

Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are man-made forms of erythropoietin used in the treatment of anemia. This quick-scoping review of systematic literature reviews (SLRs) was conducted to define the clinical, economic, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes for ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Anemia and acute coronary syndrome: current perspectives.
 

Author(s): Miriam Stucchi, Silvia Cantoni, Enrico Piccinelli, Stefano Savonitto, Nuccia Morici

Journal:

 

Reference hemoglobin (Hb) values for the definition of anemia are still largely based on the 1968 WHO Scientific Group report, which established a cutoff value of <13 g/dL for adult men and <12 g/dL for adult nonpregnant women. Subsequent studies identified different normal values ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
A 10-year delayed diagnosis of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome characterized by refractory iron-deficiency anemia: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Xue Tang, Ju Gao, Xue Yang, Xia Guo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10873.

 

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare vascular disorder consisting of multifocal venous malformations. Delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis frequently occurs in patients without typical cutaneous lesions or gastrointestinal bleeding symptoms. This article reports a 10-year ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Prevalence Study of the Etiology of Pregnancy Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pregnancy Anemia

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2018

Go to URL
Impact of Preoperative Anemia on Healthcare Outcomes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia

 

Last Updated: 5 Sep 2018

Go to URL
Bovine Lactoferrin Versus Ferrous Sulphate In The Treatment Of Iron Deficiency Anemia During Pregnancy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anemia During Pregnancy

 

Last Updated: 5 Jul 2018

Go to URL