Angina

Common Name(s)

Angina, Angina pectoris, Chest pain

Angina is a type of chest pain caused by coronary heart disease, where blood flow to the heart is limited by clogged arteries. Blood carries and other nutrients throughout our body so if not enough blood gets to the heart muscle, the heart will not have enough oxygen to work properly. Angina is usually described as discomfort, heaviness, pressure, tightness, aching or squeezing and is often mistaken for indigestion. Angina is usually felt in the chest, but may be felt in the jaw, shoulders, back, arm or neck. Angina is an underlying symptom of heart disease, but is not a disease in and of itself. Angina should not be ignored because it could be the sign of a heart attack. If you have unexplained chest pain, seek medical attention.

Risk factors for angina include previous personal or family history of heart disease or heart attack. Men over 45 years of age and women over 55 are also at an increased risk. Other factors which increase an individual’s risk for experiencing angina include tobacco use, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or triglycerides, lack of exercise, obesity and high levels of stress

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To diagnose angina, a physician will perform a physical exam and ask about the history of heart disease in your family. More tests might be required to diagnose heart disease, such as blood tests and imaging (e.g. x-rays). Lifestyle changes can help prevent angina. Eating large meals, stressful situations and exercising very hard can bring on episodes of angina. Medications such a nitroglycerin are commonly used to treat angina and can be taken to relieve pain. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with angina, talk to your physician or cardiologist (heart doctor) about the most current treatments.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Angina" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Angina" returned 2307 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The correlation between speckle tracking echocardiography and coronary artery disease in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris.
 

Author(s): Shaimaa Moustafa, Khalid Elrabat, Fathy Swailem, Alaa Galal

Journal: Indian Heart J. ;70(3):379-386.

 

To examine the value of speckle tracking echocardiography to detect the presence, extent and severity of coronary artery affection in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Multiple penetrating aortic ulcers and rupture of superior mesenteric artery branch presenting with symptoms similar to unstable angina: A case report.
 

Author(s): Suqiao Zhang, Rui Lian, Guoqiang Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(24):e11126.

 

Penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU) and rupture of a superior mesenteric artery branch is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Novel Scoring System for Prediction of Cardiac Syndrome X in Women with Typical Angina and a Positive Exercise Tolerance Test.
 

Author(s): Farzad Masoudkabir, Ali Vasheghani-Farahani, Elham Hakki, Hamidreza Poorhosseini, Saeed Sadeghian, Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi, Shahram Bahmanyar, Seyed Ebrahim Kassaian

Journal:

 

A major diagnostic challenge for cardiologists is to distinguish cardiac syndrome X (CSX) from obstructive coronary artery disease in women with typical angina and a positive exercise tolerance test (ETT). We performed this study to develop a scoring system that more accurately predicts ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Angina" returned 204 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicine formula Gualou Xiebai Banxia (GLXBBX) decoction for the treatment of stable angina pectoris: Protocol for a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Mingtai Chen, Meihuan Li, Lijun Ou, Rongren Kuang, Yingnan Chen, Tao Li, Ling Men, Jian Zhang, Zhong Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(34):e11680.

 

Stable angina pectoris (SAP) is one of the most common symptoms of coronary heart disease. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been used to treat SAP increasingly due to its less side effects. The subject of this study is to explore the effectiveness and safety of Gualou Xiebai Banxia ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Chinese herbal injections for unstable angina pectoris: A protocol for systematic review and network meta-analyses.
 

Author(s): Fengwen Yang, Jiahan Zou, Xuemei Li, Long Ge, Jinhui Tian, Myeong Soo Lee, Junhua Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(12):e0142.

 

Chinese herbal injections (CHIs) have been commonly used in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris (UAP) in China. However, there is no consensus or evidence on how to select CHIs for patients with UAP. The choice often depends on the personal experience or preference of clinician. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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PCI for stable angina: A missed opportunity for shared decision-making.
 

Author(s): Michael B Rothberg

Journal: Cleve Clin J Med. 2018 Feb;85(2):105-121.

 

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) continues to be frequently performed for patients with stable coronary artery disease, despite clear evidence that it provides minimal benefit over optimal medical therapy and entails small but not inconsequential risks. Many patients and doctors ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 3 Feb 2017

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Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients With Refractory Angina
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Refractory Angina

 

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2017

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Research on the Clinical Effect of Shuanghe Decoction in Treating Unstable Angina.
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Unstable Angina

 

Last Updated: 5 Jun 2017

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