Anorexia nervosa

Common Name(s)

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa , commonly known as anorexia, is a serious eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. A person with anorexia consumes very little or no food, avoids specific foods, has inappropriate eating habits or rituals, an obsession with becoming or remaining thin, an irrational fear of weight gain, a rigid and excessive exercise program, and generally becomes obsessed with food, calories and body weight. Depression, anxiety, and mood swings are also common. The causes for anorexia are both biological and social and most often related to poor body image. In terms of biology, there have been studies that show some people are genetically predisposed to develop anorexia. Socially, males and females may develop anorexia because of their cultural norms or the media's portrayal of an unrealistic "ideal" body type. Women are significantly more likely to develop anorexia, although a small percentage of men do as well, which typically onsets in adolescence. Some health consequences of anorexia may include a menstrual cycle that has stopped, muscle loss and weakness, dehydration, slow heart rate and low blood pressure, dry and brittle hair, a yellowing of the skin, rapid weight loss, swollen cheeks, and fatigue. Treatment for individuals with anorexia includes a combination of restoring the person to normal body weight, treating any additional psychological conditions, and promoting a more positive body image. This will include a combination of dietary supplements, therapy, and generally some medications. Treatment is tailored to the specific individual according to their particular problems, strengths and needs. Early diagnosis and intervention is key to recovery and is crucial to prevent or lessen the severity of complications that can occur due to long-term anorexia. If you or someone you know may be suffering from anorexia, it is best to contact your doctor or a trained professional for help.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

http://www.anad.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 921 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neural processing of food and emotional stimuli in adolescent and adult anorexia nervosa patients.
 

Author(s): Stefanie Horndasch, Julie Roesch, Clemens Forster, Arnd Dörfler, Silja Lindsiepe, Hartmut Heinrich, Holmer Graap, Gunther H Moll, Oliver Kratz

Journal:

 

A constant preoccupation with food and restrictive eating are main symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN). Imaging studies revealed aberrant neural activation patterns in brain regions processing hedonic and reward reactions as well as-potentially aversive-emotions. An imbalance between ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Consensus document about the nutritional evaluation and management of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and others].
 

Author(s): Carmen Gómez Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Pilar Matía Martín, Viviana Loria Kohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, M ª Teresa Mories Álvarez, M ª José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero

Journal:

 

Eating disorders (ED) are characterized by persistent changes in eating habits that negatively affect a person's health and psychosocial abilities. They are considered psychiatric disorders, highly variable in their presentation and severity, with a huge impact on nutrition, which ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Anorexia nervosa as a cause of acute liver failure. Report of a case].
 

Author(s): Beatriz Voltas-Arribas, Ana Artero-Fullana, Juan Carlos Ferrer-García, Carlos Sánchez-Juan, Cristian Marco-Alacid, Pablo Sanz-Revert, Lourdes García-Blasco

Journal:

 

Caso clínico: presentamos una paciente de 33 años con anorexia nerviosa de 15 años de evolución con uno de los pocos casos reportados de fallo hepático agudo severo secundario a la desnutrición.Discusión: tras el soporte nutricional protocolizado para evitar el síndrome de ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 109 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Consensus document about the nutritional evaluation and management of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa].
 

Author(s): Carmen Gómez-Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Pilar Matía Martín, Viviana Loria Kohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, Ángela Martín-Palmero, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, M ª Teresa Mories Álvarez, M ª José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero

Journal:

 

Anorexia nervosa is the most common psychiatric disease among young women and it is assumed to be of multifactorial origin. Diagnostic criteria have recently been modified; therefore amenorrhea has ceased to be a part of them. This disease shows a large variability in its presentation ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Application of phase angle for evaluation of the nutrition status of patients with anorexia nervosa.
 

Author(s): Teresa Małecka-Massalska, Joanna Popiołek, Mariusz Teter, Iwona Homa-Mlak, Mariola Dec, Agata Makarewicz, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2017 Dec;51(6):1121-1131.

 

The evaluation of the nutrition status of patients has been the subject of interest of many scientific disciplines. Any deviation from normal values is a serious clinical problem. There are multiple nutrition status evaluation methods used including diet history, scales and questionnaires, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Intestinal microbiota - a key to understanding the pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa?
 

Author(s): Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz, Hanna Pankowicz, Dariusz Juchnowicz, Jose Luis Valverde Piedra, Teresa Małecka-Massalska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2017 Oct;51(5):859-870.

 

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disorder related to very serious consequences for physical and mental health of patients. Due to a complex clinical picture, which consists of anumber of somatic and mental symptoms, AN remains a serious problem of modern medicine and encourages ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Floatation-REST and Anorexia Nervosa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 25 Jul 2018

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Last Updated: 1 Mar 2018

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Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes of Anorexia Nervosa : Siriraj Hospital Experience
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 16 Nov 2017

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