Anorexia nervosa

Common Name(s)

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa , commonly known as anorexia, is a serious eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. A person with anorexia consumes very little or no food, avoids specific foods, has inappropriate eating habits or rituals, an obsession with becoming or remaining thin, an irrational fear of weight gain, a rigid and excessive exercise program, and generally becomes obsessed with food, calories and body weight. Depression, anxiety, and mood swings are also common. The causes for anorexia are both biological and social and most often related to poor body image. In terms of biology, there have been studies that show some people are genetically predisposed to develop anorexia. Socially, males and females may develop anorexia because of their cultural norms or the media's portrayal of an unrealistic "ideal" body type. Women are significantly more likely to develop anorexia, although a small percentage of men do as well, which typically onsets in adolescence. Some health consequences of anorexia may include a menstrual cycle that has stopped, muscle loss and weakness, dehydration, slow heart rate and low blood pressure, dry and brittle hair, a yellowing of the skin, rapid weight loss, swollen cheeks, and fatigue. Treatment for individuals with anorexia includes a combination of restoring the person to normal body weight, treating any additional psychological conditions, and promoting a more positive body image. This will include a combination of dietary supplements, therapy, and generally some medications. Treatment is tailored to the specific individual according to their particular problems, strengths and needs. Early diagnosis and intervention is key to recovery and is crucial to prevent or lessen the severity of complications that can occur due to long-term anorexia. If you or someone you know may be suffering from anorexia, it is best to contact your doctor or a trained professional for help.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

http://www.anad.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 919 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neural processing of food and emotional stimuli in adolescent and adult anorexia nervosa patients.
 

Author(s): Stefanie Horndasch, Julie Roesch, Clemens Forster, Arnd Dörfler, Silja Lindsiepe, Hartmut Heinrich, Holmer Graap, Gunther H Moll, Oliver Kratz

Journal:

 

A constant preoccupation with food and restrictive eating are main symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN). Imaging studies revealed aberrant neural activation patterns in brain regions processing hedonic and reward reactions as well as-potentially aversive-emotions. An imbalance between ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Time course of adiponectin and its relationship to psychological aspects in patients with anorexia nervosa during inpatient treatment.
 

Author(s): Magdalena Buckert, Esther Stroe-Kunold, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Daniela Wesche, Christiane Walter, Stefan Kopf, Joe J Simon, Wolfgang Herzog, Beate Wild

Journal:

 

The protein hormone adiponectin promotes metabolic and psychological health. The aim of the study was to track changes in adiponectin levels in response to weight gain and to assess associations between adiponectin and psychological aspects in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Anorexia nervosa, depression and suicidal thoughts among Chinese adolescents: a national school-based cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Qiguo Lian, Xiayun Zuo, Yanyan Mao, Shan Luo, Shucheng Zhang, Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou, Weijin Zhou

Journal:

 

Although there is much literature on adolescent suicide, combined effects of depression and anorexia nervosa on suicide were rarely investigated. The aims of this study are to examine the association between anorexia nervosa and suicidal thoughts and explore the interaction between ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 108 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Intestinal microbiota - a key to understanding the pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa?
 

Author(s): Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz, Hanna Pankowicz, Dariusz Juchnowicz, Jose Luis Valverde Piedra, Teresa Małecka-Massalska

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2017 Oct;51(5):859-870.

 

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disorder related to very serious consequences for physical and mental health of patients. Due to a complex clinical picture, which consists of anumber of somatic and mental symptoms, AN remains a serious problem of modern medicine and encourages ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[An update on inpatient treatment of anorexia nervosa: practical recommendations].
 

Author(s): Nicole Vásquez, Pascuala Urrejola, Melina Vogel

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 May;145(5):650-656.

 

Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is the psychiatric illness with the highest mortality, especially if it is associated with psychiatric and somatic comorbidity. Medical complications can be multiple and jeopardize the normal development of children and adolescents, even permanently. Although ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Anorexia nervosa and cancer: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.
 

Author(s): Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Jane A Driver, Manuel Ridao, José M Valderas, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Jaume Forés-Martos, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos

Journal:

 

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a severe restriction of caloric intake, low body weight, fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat, and disturbance of body image. Pathogenesis of the disorder may include genetic predisposition, hormonal changes and a combination of environmental, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2018

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Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes of Anorexia Nervosa : Siriraj Hospital Experience
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 16 Nov 2017

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Family Therapy and Anorexia Nervosa : Which is the Best Approach?
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 17 Nov 2017

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