Anorexia nervosa

Common Name(s)

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa , commonly known as anorexia, is a serious eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. A person with anorexia consumes very little or no food, avoids specific foods, has inappropriate eating habits or rituals, an obsession with becoming or remaining thin, an irrational fear of weight gain, a rigid and excessive exercise program, and generally becomes obsessed with food, calories and body weight. Depression, anxiety, and mood swings are also common. The causes for anorexia are both biological and social and most often related to poor body image. In terms of biology, there have been studies that show some people are genetically predisposed to develop anorexia. Socially, males and females may develop anorexia because of their cultural norms or the media's portrayal of an unrealistic "ideal" body type. Women are significantly more likely to develop anorexia, although a small percentage of men do as well, which typically onsets in adolescence. Some health consequences of anorexia may include a menstrual cycle that has stopped, muscle loss and weakness, dehydration, slow heart rate and low blood pressure, dry and brittle hair, a yellowing of the skin, rapid weight loss, swollen cheeks, and fatigue. Treatment for individuals with anorexia includes a combination of restoring the person to normal body weight, treating any additional psychological conditions, and promoting a more positive body image. This will include a combination of dietary supplements, therapy, and generally some medications. Treatment is tailored to the specific individual according to their particular problems, strengths and needs. Early diagnosis and intervention is key to recovery and is crucial to prevent or lessen the severity of complications that can occur due to long-term anorexia. If you or someone you know may be suffering from anorexia, it is best to contact your doctor or a trained professional for help.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Anorexia nervosa" for support, advocacy or research.

National Association Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorders, Inc.

ANAD advocates for the development of healthy attitudes, bodies, and behaviors. ANAD promotes eating disorder awareness, prevention and recovery through supporting, educating, and connecting individuals, families and professionals.

http://www.anad.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 935 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Breath test using C methacetin does not seem to be useful in the assessment of liver function in girls with anorexia nervosa: a case control study.
 

Author(s): Katarzyna Górowska-Kowolik, Agata Chobot, Jarosław Kwiecień

Journal:

 

Anorexia nervosa (AN) concerns approximately up to 1.8% of the pediatric female population. One of the complications that can occur in the course of this disease is acute liver failure. This study's objective was to assess the usefulness of the C labeled Methacetin Breath Test (MBT) ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in a Patient with Anorexia Nervosa.
 

Author(s): Katarína Jaššová, Jakub Albrecht, Hana Papežová, Martin Anders

Journal:

 

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterized by restricted eating, emaciation, and distorted body image and tends to be a chronic and deadly disorder with a high risk of developing a relapsing course described as a severe and enduring anorexia. This case study reports a patient with AN ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Can pediatricians recognize eating disorders? A case study of early-onset anorexia nervosa in a male child.
 

Author(s): Emel Ataş Berksoy, Gonca Özyurt, Murat Anıl, Özlem Üzüm, Yeliz Çağan Appak

Journal:

 

this article examines a boy who was diagnosed with anorexia nervosa at eight years old. Pediatricians and family physicians encountered difficulties during the diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Anorexia nervosa" returned 113 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Role of Ghrelin in Anorexia Nervosa.
 

Author(s): Martha A Schalla, Andreas Stengel

Journal:

 

Ghrelin, a 28-amino acid peptide hormone expressed in X/A-like endocrine cells of the stomach, is the only known peripherally produced and centrally acting peptide that stimulates food intake and therefore attracted a lot of attention with one major focus on the treatment of conditions ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Consensus document about the nutritional evaluation and management of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa].
 

Author(s): Carmen Gómez-Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Pilar Matía Martín, Viviana Loria Kohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, Ángela Martín-Palmero, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, M ª Teresa Mories Álvarez, M ª José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero

Journal:

 

Anorexia nervosa is the most common psychiatric disease among young women and it is assumed to be of multifactorial origin. Diagnostic criteria have recently been modified; therefore amenorrhea has ceased to be a part of them. This disease shows a large variability in its presentation ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Application of phase angle for evaluation of the nutrition status of patients with anorexia nervosa.
 

Author(s): Teresa Małecka-Massalska, Joanna Popiołek, Mariusz Teter, Iwona Homa-Mlak, Mariola Dec, Agata Makarewicz, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz

Journal: Psychiatr. Pol.. 2017 Dec;51(6):1121-1131.

 

The evaluation of the nutrition status of patients has been the subject of interest of many scientific disciplines. Any deviation from normal values is a serious clinical problem. There are multiple nutrition status evaluation methods used including diet history, scales and questionnaires, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Floatation-REST and Anorexia Nervosa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 25 Jul 2018

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Last Updated: 1 Mar 2018

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Family Therapy and Anorexia Nervosa : Which is the Best Approach?
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Anorexia Nervosa

 

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2018

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