Aortic Valve Stenosis

Common Name(s)

Aortic Valve Stenosis

Aortic valve stenosis, or aortic stenosis, is a relatively common heart condition. Generally, blood is pumped by the heart to the rest of the body, exiting the heart through the aortic valve. Aortic stenosis is characterized by a narrowing of this valve. This narrowed valve can hinder blood flow from the heart, also causing the heart to work harder. Over time, this may weaken the heart muscle and cause fatigue and dizziness. Other symptoms include: chest pain, coughing (sometimes bloody), and breathing problems. Symptoms experienced by infants include: failure to gain weight, difficulty feeding, and serious breathing problems. This condition can be present from birth, but most often develops later in life due to the buildup of calcium in the valve. Aortic stenosis can affect both men and women, but is more common in men. Treatment includes medication to control blood pressure and possibly surgery to replace the valve.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Aortic Valve Stenosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Aortic Valve Stenosis" returned 571 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Aortic stenosis complicated by cardiogenic shock treated by transcatheter aortic valve replacement with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: A case report.
 

Author(s): Jiabing Huang, Pengfei Chen, Xinqun Hu, Jianjun Tang, Zhenfei Fang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(33):e11900.

 

Cardiogenic shock secondary to aortic stenosis (AS) is a challenging problem owing to the high mortality associated with treatment, and successful treatment of such patients has been rare.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A Case of Aortic Stenosis with Serum IgG4 Elevation, and IgG4-Positive Plasmacytic Infiltration in the Aortic Valve, Epicardium, and Aortic Adventitia.
 

Author(s): Ryoto Hourai, Satomi Kasashima, Shu-Ichi Fujita, Koichi Sohmiya, Masahiro Daimon, Yoshinobu Hirose, Takahiro Katsumata, Sachiko Kanki, Michishige Ozeki, Nobukazu Ishizaka

Journal: Int Heart J. 2018 Sep;59(5):1149-1154.

 

A 74-year-old man was admitted for preoperative screening of aortic stenosis. Five months before this admission, he was found to have elevated serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4; 2,010 mg/dL). Computed tomography (CT) showed a soft tissue mass surrounding the abdominal aorta, suggestive ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Congenital aortic stenosis due to unicuspid unicommissural aortic valve: a case report.
 

Author(s): Arnar B Ingason, Gunnlaugur Sigfusson, Bjarni Torfason

Journal:

 

Unicuspid unicommissural aortic valve is an extremely rare congenital anomaly that usually presents in adulthood but can rarely present in infancy. We report a 17-year-old patient with congenital aortic stenosis secondary to unicuspid unicommissural aortic valve that was successfully ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Aortic Valve Stenosis" returned 45 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation for aortic stenosis in high surgical risk patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Zulian Liu, Elaine Kidney, Danai Bem, George Bramley, Susan Bayliss, Mark A de Belder, Carole Cummins, Rui Duarte

Journal:

 

Symptomatic aortic stenosis has a poor prognosis. Many patients are considered inoperable or at high surgical risk for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), reflecting their age, comorbidities and frailty. The clinical effectiveness and safety of TAVI have not been reviewed systematically ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Epigenome alterations in aortic valve stenosis and its related left ventricular hypertrophy.
 

Author(s): Igor Gošev, Martina Zeljko, Željko Đurić, Ivana Nikolić, Milorad Gošev, Sanja Ivčević, Dino Bešić, Zoran Legčević, Frane Paić

Journal:

 

Aortic valve stenosis is the most common cardiac valve disease, and with current trends in the population demographics, its prevalence is likely to rise, thus posing a major health and economic burden facing the worldwide societies. Over the past decade, it has become more than clear ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Efficacy and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement in aortic stenosis patients at low to moderate surgical risk: a comprehensive meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Ahmed Elmaraezy, Ammar Ismail, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Moutaz Eltoomy, Soha Saad, Ahmed Negida, Osama Mahmoud Abdelaty, Ahmed Ramadan Abdallah, Ahmed Magdy Aboelfotoh, Hossam Mahmoud Hassan, Aya Gamal Elmaraezy, Mahmoud Morsi, Farah Althaher, Moath Althaher, Ammar M AlSafadi

Journal:

 

Recently, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become the procedure of choice in high surgical risk patients with aortic stenosis (AS). However, its value is still debated in operable AS cases. We performed this meta-analysis to compare the safety and efficacy of TAVR ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2018

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Sizing-sTrategy of Bicuspid AoRtic Valve Stenosis With Transcatheter Self-expandable Valve
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Aortic Valve Stenosis

 

Last Updated: 3 Sep 2015

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