Aortic aneurysm

Common Name(s)

Aortic aneurysm

An aortic aneurysm is a weakening and swelling in the wall of the aorta, the body's largest artery. If not treated, the aneurysm can burst and cause potentially lethal internal bleeding. The aorta is a highly elastic blood vessel, expanding and contracting based on blood flow needs. But if a portion of the aorta losses elasticity, an aneurysm can form, causing the weakened portion of the vessel to balloon outwards. People with conditions that put extra and prolonged stress on artery walls, such as those with high blood pressure or atherosclerosis (hardening of the artery walls), are at risk for an aortic aneurysm. Individuals who smoke, or who have family members who have had an aortic aneurysm, also have a heightened risk. Most aortic aneurysms do not have any symptoms, so physicians will usually conduct investigative screens for those at risk for the condition via ultrasound, MRI or CT-scan. Having an aneurysm increases the risk of blood clots and stroke (clots are more likely to form in the ballooned aortic wall). Treatment for an aortic aneurysm depends on the size and growth of the aneurysm and the health of the patient. For small, stable cases, the condition is usually managed with medication, healthy eating habits, and frequent observation. For large and/or growing cases, surgery may be required to repair the aneurysm site. A burst aortic aneurysm causes extreme pain and bleeding and causes death within minutes to hours if left untreated.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Aortic aneurysm" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Aortic aneurysm" returned 3068 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Novel surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm complicated with primary aorto-colonic fistula: A case report.
 

Author(s): Maoxun Huang, Hulin Piao, Yong Wang, Weitie Wang, Shibo Wei, Chulong Xie, Kexiang Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(33):e11890.

 

Primary aorto-colonic fistula is a rare complication of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Without surgical treatment, the associated mortality rate is 100%. Even if patients receive timely surgical treatment, they may still die of complications such as infection.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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General anesthesia versus local anesthesia for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.
 

Author(s): Minsu Noh, Byung-Moon Choi, Hyunwook Kwon, Youngjin Han, Gi-Young Ko, Tae-Won Kwon, Gyu-Jeong Noh, Yong-Pil Cho

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(32):e11789.

 

The aim of this study was to compare general and local anesthesia techniques in patients treated with elective endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for infrarenal aortic aneurysms.In this single-center, observational cohort study, in all, 259 consecutive patients who underwent ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Open Repair of Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a 46-Year-Old Man with Pleural Adhesions and Aberrant Right Subclavian Artery.
 

Author(s): Jae Hyun Kim, Kyung Sub Song, Jae Bum Kim

Journal:

 

Endovascular aortic treatment is being performed more often and offers some advantages over open surgery. Nevertheless, open repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms is still relevant in complex cases, including combined chronic aortic dissection, congenital aortic abnormalities ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Aortic aneurysm" returned 241 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm].
 

Author(s): V Tchana-Sato, N Sakalihasan, J O Defraigne

Journal: Rev Med Liege. 2018 May;73(5-6):296-299.

 

Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is a cardiovascular emergency associated with a 30 day mortality as high as 70 %. However, recent progresses in the management of these patients have improved the results. From a surgical point of view, endovascular methods such as balloon occlusion ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Varying Evidence on Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest in Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Surgery.
 

Author(s): Prity Gupta, Amer Harky, Saleem Jahangeer, Benjamin Adams, Mohamad Bashir

Journal:

 

Cardiovascular surgeons have long debated the safe duration of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest during thoracic aortic aneurysm surgery. The rationale for using adjunctive cerebral perfusion (or not) is to achieve the best technical aortic repair with the lowest risk of morbidity ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Spinal cord injury in endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair: prevalence, risk factors and preventive strategies.
 

Author(s): VĂ­tor Miranda, Joel Sousa, Armando Mansilha

Journal: Int Angiol. 2018 Apr;37(2):112-126.

 

Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms are among the most challenging pathologic conditions vascular surgeons have to face. Endovascular treatment brought the prospect of being able to treat these complex aneurysms with less invasiveness and recent outcomes already challenge those of open ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Evaluation of Branch Endografts in the Treatment of Aortic Aneurysms
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm

 

Last Updated: 31 Oct 2017

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Last Updated: 25 Nov 2015

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Last Updated: 20 Sep 2018

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