Aortic aneurysm

Common Name(s)

Aortic aneurysm

An aortic aneurysm is a weakening and swelling in the wall of the aorta, the body's largest artery. If not treated, the aneurysm can burst and cause potentially lethal internal bleeding. The aorta is a highly elastic blood vessel, expanding and contracting based on blood flow needs. But if a portion of the aorta losses elasticity, an aneurysm can form, causing the weakened portion of the vessel to balloon outwards. People with conditions that put extra and prolonged stress on artery walls, such as those with high blood pressure or atherosclerosis (hardening of the artery walls), are at risk for an aortic aneurysm. Individuals who smoke, or who have family members who have had an aortic aneurysm, also have a heightened risk. Most aortic aneurysms do not have any symptoms, so physicians will usually conduct investigative screens for those at risk for the condition via ultrasound, MRI or CT-scan. Having an aneurysm increases the risk of blood clots and stroke (clots are more likely to form in the ballooned aortic wall). Treatment for an aortic aneurysm depends on the size and growth of the aneurysm and the health of the patient. For small, stable cases, the condition is usually managed with medication, healthy eating habits, and frequent observation. For large and/or growing cases, surgery may be required to repair the aneurysm site. A burst aortic aneurysm causes extreme pain and bleeding and causes death within minutes to hours if left untreated.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Aortic aneurysm" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Aortic aneurysm" returned 3097 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Marfan syndrome combined with huge abdominal aortic aneurysm size of 20 × 11 cm: A case report of surgical approach.
 

Author(s): Tian-Hua Zhang, De-Cai Chi, Wei-Liang Jiang, Shuai Qiang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(37):e09398.

 

Abdominal aortic aneurysm is one of the most common aneurisms. Patients presenting with secondary back pain should be given prompt medical attention. Herein, a rare case of a giant abdominal aortic aneurysm that was successfully treated with surgery is described.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Novel surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm complicated with primary aorto-colonic fistula: A case report.
 

Author(s): Maoxun Huang, Hulin Piao, Yong Wang, Weitie Wang, Shibo Wei, Chulong Xie, Kexiang Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(33):e11890.

 

Primary aorto-colonic fistula is a rare complication of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Without surgical treatment, the associated mortality rate is 100%. Even if patients receive timely surgical treatment, they may still die of complications such as infection.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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General anesthesia versus local anesthesia for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.
 

Author(s): Minsu Noh, Byung-Moon Choi, Hyunwook Kwon, Youngjin Han, Gi-Young Ko, Tae-Won Kwon, Gyu-Jeong Noh, Yong-Pil Cho

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(32):e11789.

 

The aim of this study was to compare general and local anesthesia techniques in patients treated with elective endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for infrarenal aortic aneurysms.In this single-center, observational cohort study, in all, 259 consecutive patients who underwent ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Aortic aneurysm" returned 247 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Modulation of Immune-Inflammatory Responses in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Emerging Molecular Targets.
 

Author(s): Hanrong Li, Shuling Bai, Qiang Ao, Xiaohong Wang, Xiaohong Tian, Xiang Li, Hao Tong, Weijian Hou, Jun Fan

Journal:

 

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), a deadly vascular disease in human, is a chronic degenerative process of the abdominal aorta. In this process, inflammatory responses and immune system work efficiently by inflammatory cell attraction, proinflammatory factor secretion and subsequently ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm].
 

Author(s): V Tchana-Sato, N Sakalihasan, J O Defraigne

Journal: Rev Med Liege. 2018 May;73(5-6):296-299.

 

Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is a cardiovascular emergency associated with a 30 day mortality as high as 70 %. However, recent progresses in the management of these patients have improved the results. From a surgical point of view, endovascular methods such as balloon occlusion ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Endothelium as a Potential Target for Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.
 

Author(s): Jingyuan Sun, Hongping Deng, Zhen Zhou, Xiaoxing Xiong, Ling Gao

Journal:

 

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) was previously ascribed to weaken defective medial arterial/adventitial layers, for example, smooth muscle/fibroblast cells. Therefore, besides surgical repair, medications targeting the medial layer to strengthen the aortic wall are the most feasible ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Safety and Efficacy Study of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Stent Graft System
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

 

Last Updated: 26 Sep 2018

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Biomarker Profiling in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

 

Last Updated: 11 Oct 2018

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Evaluation of Branch Endografts in the Treatment of Aortic Aneurysms
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm

 

Last Updated: 31 Oct 2017

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