Bladder infection

Common Name(s)

Bladder infection, Cystitis

A bladder infection, or cystitis, is the inflammation of the bladder. These infections typically originate from bacteria from one’s own stool. Bacteria enter the urethra (the tube which urine passes through) and spread into the bladder, causing infection and irritation. Although bladder infections can occur in all age groups, middle aged women and men are more at risk. Women typically develop the condition more frequently due to the closeness of the anus to the urethra. Other risk factors include diabetes, having issues urinating, using a urinary catheter, kidney stones, being pregnant, and being a male with an enlarged prostate.

Common symptoms may include painful or frequent urination, having to urinate frequently at night, pain in the lower back or below the belly button, and cloudy, smelly, or bloody urine (though blood is not necessarily visible). For the elderly, confusion may be a common symptom. A bladder infection is usually diagnosed through analysis of the urine. To optimize treatment, the urine sample may be cultured to determine the specific bacteria responsible.

Occasionally, the immune system can resolve the infection on its own, but if symptoms continue for more than a couple of days, the use of antibiotics may be required. If left unresolved, the infection can spread into the kidneys, which is a medical emergency. Symptoms of this complication include fevers of over 101 degrees Fahrenheit, chills, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and increased pain in the side, back, groin, or lower stomach.

To reduce the possibility of developing future bladder infections, drink plenty of fluids, change underwear daily, and urinate before and after sexual activity. It is also recommended for women to avoid the use of douches and feminine sprays, and to wipe front to back after urinating. If you are displaying the symptoms of a bladder infection, contact your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options available.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Bladder infection" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Bladder infection" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Bladder infection" returned 72 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Metabolite profiling for biomarkers in Schistosoma haematobium infection and associated bladder pathologies.
 

Author(s): Adewale S Adebayo, Swapnil D Mundhe, Henrietta O Awobode, Olugbenga S Onile, Atinuke M Agunloye, Raphael D Isokpehi, Yogesh S Shouche, Bayatigeri Santhakumari, Chiaka I Anumudu

Journal:

 

Metabolic fingerprinting analysis can offer insights into underlying reactions in a biological system; hence it is crucial to the understanding of disease pathogenesis and could provide useful tools for discovering biomarkers. We sought to examine the urine and plasma metabolome in ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Catheterization alters bladder ecology to potentiate infection of the urinary tract.
 

Author(s): Jennifer N Walker, Ana L Flores-Mireles, Chloe L Pinkner, Henry L Schreiber, Matthew S Joens, Alyssa M Park, Aaron M Potretzke, Tyler M Bauman, Jerome S Pinkner, James A J Fitzpatrick, Alana Desai, Michael G Caparon, Scott J Hultgren

Journal: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. 2017 10;114(41):E8721-E8730.

 

Methicillin-resistant (MRSA) is an emerging cause of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), which frequently progresses to more serious invasive infections. We adapted a mouse model of CAUTI to investigate how catheterization increases an individual's susceptibility ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Surfactant Protein A Inhibits Growth and Adherence of Uropathogenic To Protect the Bladder from Infection.
 

Author(s): Jiro Hashimoto, Motoko Takahashi, Atsushi Saito, Masaki Murata, Yuichiro Kurimura, Chiaki Nishitani, Rina Takamiya, Yasuaki Uehara, Yoshihiro Hasegawa, Yoshiki Hiyama, Norimasa Sawada, Satoshi Takahashi, Naoya Masumori, Yoshio Kuroki, Shigeru Ariki

Journal: J. Immunol.. 2017 04;198(7):2898-2905.

 

Surfactant protein A (SP-A) is a multifunctional host defense collectin that was first identified as a component of pulmonary surfactant. Although SP-A is also expressed in various tissues, including the urinary tract, its innate immune functions in nonpulmonary tissues are poorly ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Bladder infection" returned 7 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Innate Immune Responses to Bladder Infection.
 

Author(s): Byron W Hayes, Soman N Abraham

Journal: Microbiol Spectr. 2016 12;4(6):.

 

Urinary tract infections are one of the most frequent bacterial infections of mankind. In spite of this frequency, the study of the immune system in the urinary tract has not attracted much attention. This could, in part, be attributable to the widespread use of antibiotics and similar ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Interesting Layering of Excreted 18F-FDG in the Urinary Bladder in Patients with Urinary Tract Infection and Distended Bladder.
 

Author(s): Guohua Shen, Wenjie Zhang, Zhiyun Jia, Houfu Deng

Journal: J Nucl Med Technol. 2015 Sep;43(3):234-5.

 

Settling of (18)F-FDG in the bladder is often noted on whole-body PET/CT images, but this phenomenon has never received any careful attention and the mechanism has been unclear. The 2 patients described in this report, one with a T1 pathologic fracture and another with widespread ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Are you experienced? Understanding bladder innate immunity in the context of recurrent urinary tract infection.
 

Author(s): Valerie P O'Brien, Thomas J Hannan, Anthony J Schaeffer, Scott J Hultgren

Journal: Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis.. 2015 Feb;28(1):97-105.

 

Recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI) is a serious clinical problem, yet effective therapeutic options are limited, especially against multidrug-resistant uropathogens. In this review, we explore the development of a clinically relevant model of rUTI in previously infected mice ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Pilot Study of the Effects of Mirabegron on Symptoms in Patients With Interstitial Cystitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cystitis, Interstitial

 

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2018

Go to URL
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injection in Treatment of Interstitial Cystitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Interstitial Cystitis

 

Last Updated: 3 Apr 2017

Go to URL
The Efficacy of Urine Biomarker in Patient With Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome (Pilot Study)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Interstitial Cystitis

 

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2017

Go to URL