Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 5821 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Effects of Short-term Nap and Light Physical Exercise on Sleep among Elderly Patients with Mild-to-Moderate Dementia in Communal Living Group Homes].
 

Author(s): Akiko Katagi, Nobuyuki Miyai

Journal: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. 2018 ;73(3):365-372.

 

In this study, we examined whether a combined regimen of a short-term nap and a light physical exercise is effective in improving sleep among elderly individuals with mild-to-moderate dementia in communal living group homes.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effectiveness of collaborative treatment using Korean and Western medicine for mild cognitive impairment or dementia: A protocol for a prospective observational exploratory study.
 

Author(s): Hye-Yoon Lee, Hyung-Won Kang, NamKwen Kim, Eun-Hye Hyun, Joo-Hee Seo, Yeoung-Su Lyu, In Chul Jung, Geun-Woo Kim, Bora Park, Sung-Youl Choi, Hye-Won Kim, Hyun-Min Kim

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(35):e12098.

 

South Korea has a dual medical system comprising conventional Western medicine (WM) and traditional Korean medicine (KM), which has yielded both positive results (increased opportunity to choose medical care) and negative results (increased medical costs). Thus, the Ministry of Health ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Increased Risk of Dementia in Patients with Antidepressants: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.
 

Author(s): Yao-Chin Wang, Po-An Tai, Tahmina Nasrin Poly, Md Mohaimenul Islam, Hsuan-Chia Yang, Chieh-Chen Wu, Yu-Chuan Jack Li

Journal:

 

Antidepressants are the most commonly and widely used medication for its effectiveness in the treatment of anxiety and depression. A few epidemiological studies have documented that antidepressant is associated with increased risk of dementia so far. Here, our aim is to assess the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 1011 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Quality of Life in Patients with Dementia with Lewy Bodies.
 

Author(s): Chuo-Yu Lee, Shih-Jung Cheng, Hui-Chi Lin, Yu-Lu Liao, Pei-Hao Chen

Journal:

 

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a complex, multisymptom disorder. When making decisions regarding the treatment of DLB, the patient's quality of life (QoL) should always be the main consideration. To our knowledge, this is the first review article focusing on the QoL in DLB patients. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Preventive Effects of Dairy Products on Dementia and the Underlying Mechanisms.
 

Author(s): Yasuhisa Ano, Hiroyuki Nakayama

Journal:

 

Alongside the rapid population aging occurring worldwide, the prevention of age-related memory decline and dementia has become a high priority. Dairy products have many physiological effects owing to their contents of lactic acid bacteria and the fatty acids and peptides generated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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extract EGb 761 alleviates neurosensory symptoms in patients with dementia: a meta-analysis of treatment effects on tinnitus and dizziness in randomized, placebo-controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Rainer Spiegel, Roger Kalla, Georgios Mantokoudis, Raphael Maire, Heiko Mueller, Robert Hoerr, Ralf Ihl

Journal:

 

Tinnitus and dizziness are frequent in old age and often seen as concomitant symptoms in patients with dementia. In earlier clinical trials, extract EGb 761 was found to alleviate tinnitus and dizziness in elderly patients. Consequently, a meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Research on the Early and Prognosis Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2017

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A Trial of the C-TraC Intervention for Dementia Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2018

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