Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 5787 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Air pollution and urbanicity: common risk factors for dementia and schizophrenia?
 

Author(s): Luigi Attademo, Francesco Bernardini

Journal: Lancet Planet Health. 2017 06;1(3):e90-e91.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Development and validation of a dementia screening tool for primary care in Taiwan: Brain Health Test.
 

Author(s): Ping-Huang Tsai, Jian-Liang Liu, Ker-Neng Lin, Chiung-Chih Chang, Ming-Chyi Pai, Wen-Fu Wang, Jen-Ping Huang, Tzung-Jeng Hwang, Pei-Ning Wang

Journal:

 

To develop a simple dementia screening tool to assist primary care physicians in identifying patients with cognitive impairment among subjects with memory complaints or at a high risk for dementia.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Recommendations of Swiss Memory Clinics for the Diagnosis of Dementia
 

Author(s): Markus Bürge, Gabriela Bieri, Matthias Brühlmeier, Françoise Colombo, Jean-Francois Demonet, Ansgar Felbecker, Dan Georgescu, Anton Gietl, Andrea Brioschi Guevara, Freimut Jüngling, Eberhard Kirsch, Reto W Kressig, Luka Kulic, Andreas U Monsch, Martin Ott, Hans Pihan, Julius Popp, Luca Rampa, Brigitte Rüegger-Frey, Marianne Schneitter, Paul Gerson Unschuld, Armin von Gunten, Birte Weinheimer, Roland Wiest, Egemen Savaskan

Journal: Praxis (Bern 1994). 2018 04;107(8):435-451.

 

The early diagnosis of subjectively perceived or externally anamnestically observed cognitive impairments is essential for proving neurodegenerative diseases or excluding treatable causes such as internal, neurological or psychiatric disorders. Only in this way is early treatment ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 979 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Predicting dementia from primary care records: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Elizabeth Ford, Nicholas Greenslade, Priya Paudyal, Stephen Bremner, Helen E Smith, Sube Banerjee, Shanu Sadhwani, Philip Rooney, Seb Oliver, Jackie Cassell

Journal:

 

Possible dementia is usually identified in primary care by general practitioners (GPs) who refer to specialists for diagnosis. Only two-thirds of dementia cases are currently recorded in primary care, so increasing the proportion of cases diagnosed is a strategic priority for the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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How best to assess quality of life in informal carers of people with dementia; A systematic review of existing outcome measures.
 

Author(s): Johanne Dow, Jonah Robinson, Shannon Robalino, Tracy Finch, Elaine McColl, Louise Robinson

Journal:

 

In the UK, there are currently 800 000 people living with dementia. This number is expected to double in the next 20 years. Two-thirds of people with dementia live in the community supported by informal carers. Caring for a person with dementia has adverse effects on psychological, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Informal carers' perspectives on the delivery of acute hospital care for patients with dementia: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Sarah Beardon, Kiran Patel, Bethan Davies, Helen Ward

Journal:

 

Providing high quality acute hospital care for patients with dementia is an increasing challenge as the prevalence of the disease rises. Informal carers of people with dementia are a critical resource for improving inpatient care, due to their insights into patients' needs and preferences. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Hand Grasping Techniques on Eliciting the Grasp Reflex in Patients With Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 4 Oct 2016

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Research on the Early and Prognosis Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2017

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