Dry socket

Common Name(s)

Dry socket, Alveolar osteitis

Dry socket, also known as alveolar osteitis, is a painful condition that can happen after the removal of an adult tooth. Typically, after a tooth is removed, a blood clot forms at the site to protect the area and help start the healing process. However, in people with dry socket, the blood clot is either dislodged or dissolved, causing the bone and nerves to be exposed. Symptoms of dry socket include severe pain that radiates from socket, bad breath, bad taste in the mouth, or a fever. Pain after tooth extraction that gets better with over-the-counter pain medication is normal. However, if the pain is severe, worsens over time, or starts a few days after the tooth is removed, it may be a sign of dry socket.

The exact cause of dry socket is unknown. However, researchers believe that there are many factors that play a role, including bacteria in the socket, bone or tissue injury at the surgical site, and small pieces of roots or bone left in the socket after surgery. Risk factors include smoking and tobacco use, oral birth control (contraceptives), poor at-home care of the site, past dry sockets, tooth or gum infection, corticosteroids, or having your wisdom teeth removed. If you have severe pain after a tooth extraction, your dentist or oral surgeon may suspect dry socket. They will exam the affected area and may use X-rays to confirm the diagnosis. Treatments include flushing out the socket to remove debris, having your dentist insert medicated dressings in the socket, antibiotics to treat an infected socket and medication to control the pain. If you have dry socket, talk to your dentist to discuss your treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dry socket" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dry socket" returned 4 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Dry socket following surgical removal of impacted third molar in an Iranian population: incidence and risk factors.
 

Author(s): M Eshghpour, A H Nejat

Journal: Niger J Clin Pract. ;16(4):496-500.

 

Dry socket (DS) is the most common post-surgical complication following extraction of impacted molar teeth. Various risk factors have been mentioned for this complication including gender, age, amount of trauma during extraction, difficulty of surgery, inappropriate irrigation, infection, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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How do I manage a patient with dry socket?
 

Author(s): Daisy Chemaly

Journal: J Can Dent Assoc. 2013 ;79():d54.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Chlorhexidine in the prevention of dry socket: effectiveness of different dosage forms and regimens.
 

Author(s): María Paz Minguez-Serra, César Salort-Llorca, Francisco Javier Silvestre-Donat

Journal:

 

Dry socket (DS) is a potential postoperative complication of dental extractions. It is clinically diagnosed by the presence of a denuded socket secondary to premature loss of the blood clot, and manifests as slight discomfort for the patient, followed by sudden worsening with intense ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dry socket" returned 3 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Efficacy of amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in the prevention of infection and dry socket after third molar extraction. A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): M-I Arteagoitia, L Barbier, J Santamaría, G Santamaría, E Ramos

Journal:

 

Prophylactic use of amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, although controversial, is common in routine clinical practice in third molar surgery.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Efficacy of different methods used for dry socket management: A systematic review.
 

Author(s): Maria Taberner-Vallverdú, Mariam Nazir, M Ángeles Sánchez-Garcés, Cosme Gay-Escoda

Journal:

 

Dry socket is one of the most common complications occurring after the extraction of a permanent tooth, but in spite of its high incidence there is not an established treatment for this condition.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Update on dry socket: a review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Daniel Torres-Lagares, María Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Manuel María Romero-Ruíz, Pedro Infante-Cossío, Manuel García-Calderón, José Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez

Journal: Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. ;10(1):81-5; 77-81.

 

Dry socket is a postoperative complication that occurs after a dental extraction and has been defined as an inflammation of the alveolus. If this inflammation should surpass the alveolar walls, it would result in a located osteitis. The frequency of appearance of dry socket has been ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Influence of Intra-alveolar Application of Honey on Healing Following Extraction
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dry Socket

 

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2017

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