Emphysema

Common Name(s)

Emphysema

Emphysema is a chronic (long term) lung condition. It is a form of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The air you breathe goes into your lungs through airways. At the end of our airways in our lungs are tiny air sacs (alveoli). It is the air sacs that become damaged over time in emphysema. As the air sacs are damaged, their inner walls break down causing the sac to become larger. Larger sacs absorb less oxygen than those of normal size. The damage also causes difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. The damaged air sacs cannot be replaced.

Symptoms of emphysema may not occur until years after the damage to the air sacs begins. Symptoms may include shortness of breath, decreased mental alertness, and blue or gray fingertips or lips. Risk of developing emphysema is increased if there has been long-term exposure to airborne irritants including tobacco smoke, marijuana smoke, air pollution, and manufacturing fumes. A less common form of emphysema is caused by the lack of a special type of protein (alpha-1-antitrypsin). This type of emphysema is usually caused by a mutation or change in your genes and therefore will run in families.

To diagnosis emphysema, a physician may perform a variety of tests, which may include a chest x-ray to rule out other causes, lab tests to examine oxygen in the blood stream, and lung function tests to measure air flow in and out of the lungs. Treatment to relieve symptoms and slow the progression of the disease may include medications, therapy, or surgery. See a doctor if you have had unexplained shortness of breath for several months, particularly if it is getting worse or interfering with your daily activities. If you have been diagnosed with emphysema, talk with your doctor or specialist about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Emphysema" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Emphysema" returned 1316 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cervicofacial emphysema following unilateral external dacryocystorhinostomies: A case report.
 

Author(s): Ziya Akingol, Safak Karslioglu, Didem Serin

Journal: Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018 05;66(5):722-724.

 

Cervicofacial emphysema (CFE), mostly seen after trauma or dental procedures, is an unexpected, extremely rare condition after uncomplicated dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). It may be misdiagnosed as angioedema or necrotizing fasciitis. In this article, we present the case of a 40-year-old ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Heterogeneity in pulmonary emphysema: Analysis of CT attenuation using Gaussian mixture model.
 

Author(s): Mizuho Nishio, Yutaka Tanaka

Journal:

 

To utilize Gaussian mixture model (GMM) for the quantification of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to evaluate the combined use of multiple types of quantification.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Unsupervised Discovery of Spatially-Informed Lung Texture Patterns for Pulmonary Emphysema: The MESA COPD Study.
 

Author(s): Jie Yang, Elsa D Angelini, Pallavi P Balte, Eric A Hoffman, John H M Austin, Benjamin M Smith, Jingkuan Song, R Graham Barr, Andrew F Laine

Journal: Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2017 Sep;10433():116-124.

 

Unsupervised discovery of pulmonary emphysema subtypes offers the potential for new definitions of emphysema on lung computed tomography (CT) that go beyond the standard subtypes identified on autopsy. Emphysema subtypes can be defined on CT as a variety of textures with certain spatial ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Emphysema" returned 106 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Subcutaneous emphysema, a different way to diagnose.
 

Author(s): Bruno José da Costa Medeiros

Journal: Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2018 Feb;64(2):159-163.

 

Subcutaneous emphysema (SE) is a clinical condition that occurs when air gets into soft tissues under the skin. This can occur in any part of the body depending on the type of pathology. The most common site is under the skin that covers the chest wall or neck. It is characterized ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A rare case of cavitary lung cancer complicated with mycotic pneumonia and bullous emphysema: A case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Cun-Tao Lu, Rui-Mei Zhang, Heng Wang, Feng-Wei Kong, Wen-Bin Wu, Long-Bo Gong, Miao Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(47):e8927.

 

The accurate diagnosis and staging of cavitary lung cancer is challenging but essential for the choice of therapy; therefore, the differential diagnosis of cystic pulmonary lesions needs to be elucidated.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Cigarette Smoke and DNA Cleavage Promote Lung Inflammation and Emphysema.
 

Author(s): Farrah Kheradmand, R You, Bon Hee Gu, D B Corry

Journal: Trans. Am. Clin. Climatol. Assoc.. 2017 ;128():222-233.

 

Smoking-related lung diseases are among the most preventable and incurable ailments in the world. Smokers are at increased risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that can be further complicated by emphysema and lung cancer. A subset of former smokers shows persistent ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2018

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Losartan Effects on Emphysema Progression
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Emphysema

 

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2018

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A Trial on the Effects of Bronchoscopic Lung Volume Reduction in Severe Emphysema.
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Emphysema

 

Last Updated: 22 Mar 2018

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