Encephalocele

Common Name(s)

Encephalocele

Encephaloceles are rare neural tube defects characterized by sac-like protrusions of the brain and the membranes that cover it through openings in the skull. These defects are caused by failure of the neural tube to close completely during fetal development. The result is a groove down the midline of the upper part of the skull, or the area between the forehead and nose, or the back of the skull. When located in the back of the skull, encephaloceles are often associated with neurological problems. Encephaloceles are usually dramatic deformities diagnosed immediately after birth; but occasionally a small encephalocele in the nasal and forehead region can go undetected. There is a genetic component to the condition; it often occurs in families with a history of spina bifida and anencephaly in other family members.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Encephalocele" for support, advocacy or research.

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Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Encephalocele" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

http://www.pediatricbrainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Encephalocele" returned 57 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Encephalocele presenting as lower lid swelling: A rare case report.
 

Author(s): Vaibhav Kumar Jain, Vikas Kanaujia, Priyadarshini Mishra, Kumudini Sharma

Journal: Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018 Mar;66(3):453-454.

 

Encephalocele is a rare congenital abnormality characterized by abnormal protrusion of brain and meninges through an opening in the skull. We report an 8-year-old girl who presented with a swelling in the right lower lid for the last 6 years. In her infancy, she had undergone surgery ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Modern diagnosis and treatment in children with congenital basal encephalocele].
 

Author(s): A V Sakharov, V V Roginskiy, D N Kapitanov, A L Ivanov, E V Shelesko, S K Gorelyshev, A A Evteev, N V Lemeneva, D N Zinkevich, Yu A Kochkin, V I Ozerova, L A Satanin

Journal: Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. ;81(3):30-38.

 

Basal encephalocele is a rare disease that predominantly occurs in children. Its most common symptoms include nasal liquorrhea, difficulty in nasal breathing, and deformity of the naso-orbital region.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A Rare Triad of Giant Occipital Encephalocele with Lipomyelomeningocele, Tetralogy of Fallot, and Situs Inversus.
 

Author(s): Arie Franco, Stephanie Y Jo, Amar S Mehta, Dave J Pandya, Carina W Yang

Journal:

 

Giant encephalocele is an uncommon congenital anomaly with very few published reports available in the English literature. Tetralogy of Fallot associated with situs inversus is also infrequently reported. To our knowledge there are no published reports of an association between giant ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Encephalocele" returned 5 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Surgery for intractable epilepsy in a patient with encephalocele of the temporal lobe: a case report].
 

Author(s): M S Semenov, A I Belyakova-Bodina, A F Murtazina, A G Brutyan, A L Golovteev, G A Aziatskaya, A S Samoylov, M V Zabelin, Yu D Udalov

Journal: Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. ;81(6):99-102.

 

We describe a case of surgical treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy in a female patient with congenital middle cranial fossa encephalocele. We present clinical-anamnestic and neuroimaging data as well as the microscopic and macroscopic pictures of encephalocele. We analyze outcomes ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Parietal intradiploic encephalocele: Report of a case and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Julio Arevalo-Perez, José M Millán-Juncos

Journal: Neuroradiol J. 2015 Jun;28(3):264-7.

 

Encephaloceles consist of brain tissue and meninges that has herniated through a skull defect, usually located in the midline. They are seen more commonly in children and very rarely in adults. We present a case of an 84-year-old patient who was incidentally diagnosed with a lytic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Epilepsy surgery for refractory epilepsy due to encephalocele: a case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Howard J Faulkner, David R Sandeman, Seth Love, Marcus J Likeman, Desnomd A Nunez, Samden D Lhatoo

Journal: Epileptic Disord. 2010 Jun;12(2):160-6.

 

The management of medically intractable epilepsy is frequently assisted by the identification of structural abnormalities made possible by modern imaging techniques. The association between meningoencephaloceles and epileptic seizures is well reported in the literature. We report ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.