Enterovirus

Common Name(s)

Enterovirus

Enteroviruses are a group of small viruses that usually infect the gastrointestinal tract or respiratory system initially, but can spread throughout the body. The virus can cause no symptoms until years later. Enteroviruses can be classified into two groups, polioviruses and non-polio enteroviruses. Although polioviruses are almost completely prevented through vaccination, non-polio enteroviruses can be the cause of a wide variety of diseases and symptoms. While many enteroviral infections cause mild cold or flu-like symptoms, fever or a rash (hand-foot-and-mouth disease) or no symptoms at all, other enteroviral infections may sometimes infect the heart (myocarditis), brain (encephalitis), central nervous system (meningitis) or or respiratory system (causing problems with breathing). Actual symptoms depend on which enterovirus is causing the infection. Enteroviral infections spread very much like the common cold, such as through a person’s saliva or any contact with contaminated surface or object. Infants and children are usually at the highest risk for enterovirus infections, but adults with weak immune systems may be infected as well. A doctor most often diagnoses an enterovirus infection through a physical examination and observed symptoms. Blood tests are available for certain types of enterovirus and may be used for confirmation. There are currently no effective anti-vrial medications for enteroviral infections. Treatment depends on the symptoms and may include supportive care such as bedrest, pain relievers and fever reducers. If the infection is severe, hospitalization may be needed. The best way to stop the spread of enteroviral infections is to wash your hands carefullly before eating or touching your mouth or eyes, especially if you are caring for someone who is sick. Individuals should also avoid kissing, hugging, sharing cups or eating utensils with people who are sick. If you or a family member have symptoms which seem to be get

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Enterovirus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Enterovirus" returned 903 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Acute flaccid myelitis associated with enterovirus D68 infection: A case report.
 

Author(s): I-Ju Chen, Su-Ching Hu, Kun-Long Hung, Chiao-Wei Lo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(36):e11831.

 

We present the first case of enterovirus (EV) D68, lineage B3 infection, associated with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) in Taiwan. AFM caused by EV D68 is relatively rare. This report highlights the importance of clinical recognition of the disease and discusses treatments that can ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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High frequency of Polio-like Enterovirus C strains with differential clustering of CVA-13 and EV-C99 subgenotypes in a cohort of Malawian children.
 

Author(s): Lieke Brouwer, Sabine M G van der Sanden, Job C J Calis, Andrea H L Bruning, Steven Wang, Joanne G Wildenbeest, Sjoerd P H Rebers, Kamija S Phiri, Brenda M Westerhuis, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek, Dasja Pajkrt, Katja C Wolthers

Journal: Arch. Virol.. 2018 Oct;163(10):2645-2653.

 

Enteroviruses (EVs) are among the most commonly detected viruses infecting humans worldwide. Although the prevalence of EVs is widely studied, the status of EV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa remains largely unknown. The objective of our present study was therefore to increase our ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Hopkins syndrome following the first episode of bronchial asthma associated with enterovirus D68: a case report.
 

Author(s): Fumie Hayashi, Shintaro Hayashi, Dai Matsuse, Ryo Yamasaki, Keiji Yonekura, Jun-Ichi Kira

Journal:

 

Hopkins syndrome (HS) is a rare disorder presenting with acute flaccid paralysis of the limbs following an asthma attack. Neurologists encounter a diagnostic challenge if patients without a history of bronchial asthma develop neurologic features mimicking HS following acute respiratory ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Enterovirus" returned 55 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Antiviral and Inflammatory Cellular Signaling Associated with Enterovirus 71 Infection.
 

Author(s): Yuefei Jin, Rongguang Zhang, Weidong Wu, Guangcai Duan

Journal:

 

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection has become a major threat to global public health, especially in infants and young children. Epidemiological studies have indicated that EV71 infection is responsible for severe and even fatal cases of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). Accumulated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Enterovirus Transmission by Secretory Autophagy.
 

Author(s): Yael Mutsafi, Nihal Altan-Bonnet

Journal:

 

Present in many cell types, non-degradative secretory autophagy is a newly discovered pathway in which autophagosomes fuse with the plasma membrane instead of lysosomes. Surprisingly, some viruses exploit secretory autophagy to exit cells non-lytically, shedding into the extracellular ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Direct-acting antivirals and host-targeting strategies to combat enterovirus infections.
 

Author(s): Lisa Bauer, Heyrhyoung Lyoo, Hilde M van der Schaar, Jeroen Rpm Strating, Frank Jm van Kuppeveld

Journal: Curr Opin Virol. 2017 06;24():1-8.

 

Enteroviruses (e.g., poliovirus, enterovirus-A71, coxsackievirus, enterovirus-D68, rhinovirus) include many human pathogens causative of various mild and more severe diseases, especially in young children. Unfortunately, antiviral drugs to treat enterovirus infections have not been ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Efficacy and Safety of Nitazoxanide in the Treatment of Colds Due to Enterovirus/Rhinovirus Infection
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Enterovirus; Rhinovirus

 

Last Updated: 26 Jul 2018

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Clinical Study on Combined Immune Effect of EV71 Inactivated Vaccine
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Enterovirus 71 Inactivated Vaccine; HFMD

 

Last Updated: 25 Apr 2018

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Last Updated: 6 Sep 2016

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