Seizures

Common Name(s)

Seizures, Epileptic seizure

Seizures occur when there is abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Chemical changes in our nerve cells trigger the electrical activity in our body. Brain cells either trigger or stop other brain cells from sending messages throughout the body. During a seizure there is either too much or too little activity going on in the brain cells. This causes the sudden electrical activity that leads to seizures. Since there are different types of seizures, the location of the abnormal activity in the brain sets one seizure apart from another.

Non-epileptic seizures are seizures that occur from injuries. In partial seizures, the abnormal activity occurs in only one side of the brain. This results in only one side of the body experiencing the seizure. Generalized seizures affect both sides of the brain. Each seizure has different symptoms. Brief blackout, twitching and jerking movements, sudden falling, shaking of the entire body, sudden eye movements, change in behavior, loss of bladder control, loss of speech control, and teeth clenching are a few symptoms of seizures.

Seizures are often a symptom of other health conditions. They may result from high fever, head injury, infections, trauma, stroke, drug abuse, electric shock, extremely high blood pressure, alcohol withdrawal, and drug withdrawal. Doctors diagnose seizures by running a test called electroencephalogram (EEG). This test checks the brain for unusual electrical activity. There are many types of medications available to treat this condition. If medication does not work, then surgery may be an option. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment plan is best for you. Support groups are also good resources for support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Seizures" for support, advocacy or research.

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Epilepsy Foundation - Home Office

The mission of the Epilepsy Foundation is to stop seizures and SUDEP, find a cure and overcome the challenges created by epilepsy through efforts including education, advocacy and research to accelerate ideas into therapies.

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2015

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Simons VIP Connect

The Simons Variation in Individuals Project (Simons VIP) is an online community and research initiative. We provide a platform to partner families and researchers to better understand over 40 genetic changes (genomic variants) associated with features related to autism and developmental delay.

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2015

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The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

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Zellweger Baby Support Network

This organization was started by a small group of parents whose lives have been affected in some way by a rare disorder. Our gift, in honor of our children, was to start this site, so we can help families and to raise awareness of these rare disorders. If your child has been diagnosed with Zellweger syndrome, a peroxisomal disorder or another rare disorder, we are here to help you. You are not alone! Our mission is to promote, advance, and improve awareness of Zellweger syndrome and other peroxisomal disorders, to assist, support, and aid, financially or otherwise, individuals and families affected by Zellweger syndrome. We will help you learn more about these disorders. We will provide emotional support, and we can help you to create a journal site for your child so that family and friends can be kept up to date on your child. We will pray with you and for you as you journey through life with your special angel. We know this is a hard time for you; you want answers, informa

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Seizures" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Epilepsy Foundation - Home Office

The mission of the Epilepsy Foundation is to stop seizures and SUDEP, find a cure and overcome the challenges created by epilepsy through efforts including education, advocacy and research to accelerate ideas into therapies.

http://www.epilepsy.com

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2015

View Details
Logo
Simons VIP Connect

The Simons Variation in Individuals Project (Simons VIP) is an online community and research initiative. We provide a platform to partner families and researchers to better understand over 40 genetic changes (genomic variants) associated with features related to autism and developmental delay.

http://www.simonsvipconnect.org

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2015

View Details
The Arc of East Central Iowa

The Arc of East Central Iowa empowers people with intellectual and related disabilities to engage in lifelong opportunities to live, learn, work and play with dignity, freedom and full inclusion in their communities.

http://www.arceci.org

Last Updated: 11 Apr 2013

View Details
Logo
Zellweger Baby Support Network

This organization was started by a small group of parents whose lives have been affected in some way by a rare disorder. Our gift, in honor of our children, was to start this site, so we can help families and to raise awareness of these rare disorders. If your child has been diagnosed with Zellweger syndrome, a peroxisomal disorder or another rare disorder, we are here to help you. You are not alone! Our mission is to promote, advance, and improve awareness of Zellweger syndrome and other peroxisomal disorders, to assist, support, and aid, financially or otherwise, individuals and families affected by Zellweger syndrome. We will help you learn more about these disorders. We will provide emotional support, and we can help you to create a journal site for your child so that family and friends can be kept up to date on your child. We will pray with you and for you as you journey through life with your special angel. We know this is a hard time for you; you want answers, informa

http://www.zbsn.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Seizures" returned 2718 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Chemokine receptors CCR2 and CX3CR1 regulate viral encephalitis-induced hippocampal damage but not seizures.
 

Author(s): Christopher Käufer, Chintan Chhatbar, Sonja Bröer, Inken Waltl, Luca Ghita, Ingo Gerhauser, Ulrich Kalinke, Wolfgang Löscher

Journal: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. 2018 09;115(38):E8929-E8938.

 

Viral encephalitis is a major risk factor for the development of seizures, epilepsy, and hippocampal damage with associated cognitive impairment, markedly reducing quality of life in survivors. The mechanisms underlying seizures and hippocampal neurodegeneration developing during ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Electroclinical characteristics of seizures arising from the precuneus based on stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG).
 

Author(s): Yanfeng Yang, Haixiang Wang, Wenjing Zhou, Tianyi Qian, Wei Sun, Guoguang Zhao

Journal:

 

Seizures arising from the precuneus are rare, and few studies have aimed at characterizing the clinical presentation of such seizures within the anatomic context of the frontoparietal circuits. We aimed to characterize the electrophysiological properties and clinical features of seizures ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Selective Na1.1 activation rescues Dravet syndrome mice from seizures and premature death.
 

Author(s): Kay L Richards, Carol J Milligan, Robert J Richardson, Nikola Jancovski, Morten Grunnet, Laura H Jacobson, Eivind A B Undheim, Mehdi Mobli, Chun Yuen Chow, Volker Herzig, Agota Csoti, Gyorgy Panyi, Christopher A Reid, Glenn F King, Steven Petrou

Journal: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.. 2018 08;115(34):E8077-E8085.

 

Dravet syndrome is a catastrophic, pharmacoresistant epileptic encephalopathy. Disease onset occurs in the first year of life, followed by developmental delay with cognitive and behavioral dysfunction and substantially elevated risk of premature death. The majority of affected individuals ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Seizures" returned 367 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Acute intermittent porphyria presenting with seizures and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: Two case reports and a literature review.
 

Author(s): Xueping Zheng, Xuejun Liu, Yan Wang, Renliang Zhao, Lintao Qu, Haitao Pei, Miao Tuo, Yong Zhang, Yuqiang Song, Xiaojun Ji, Hongyun Li, Liou Tang, Xinbao Yin

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(36):e11665.

 

Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare and challenging hereditary neurovisceral disease with no specific symptoms. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinicoradiological syndrome with bilateral reversible posterior gyriform lesions that can be associated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Method for MEA Data Analysis of Drug-treated Rat Primary Neurons and Human iPSC-derived Neurons to Evaluate the Risk of Drug-induced Seizures].
 

Author(s): Atsuko Ojima, Norimasa Miyamoto

Journal: Yakugaku Zasshi. 2018 ;138(6):823-828.

 

 Use of the microelectrode array (MEA) system to record spontaneous neuron activity from networks of cultured neurons has potential as a good risk evaluation method for drug-induced seizure events. Spontaneous electrical activity in neural networks consists of action potential spikes ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with Alzheimer pathology, presenting with status epilepticus following repeated partial seizures: a case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Keita Miyake, Takashi Hara, Etsuko Oshima, Kiyohiro Kawada, Hideki Ishizu, Yuko Yamauchi, Katsuya Satoh, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Shintaro Takenoshita, Seishi Terada, Norihito Yamada

Journal:

 

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Common first symptoms are dementia, cerebellar ataxia, visual disturbance, and psychiatric symptoms. Seizure as the first symptom of CJD is a very rare finding.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study to Evaluate Phenobarbital Sodium Injection for the Treatment of Neonatal Seizures
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Neonatal Seizure

 

Last Updated: 4 Oct 2018

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Levetiracetam Treatment of Neonatal Seizures
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Neonatal Seizures

 

Last Updated: 24 Jan 2018

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Last Updated: 31 Jan 2018

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