Hyperaldosteronism familial type 2 is a form of primary aldosteronism. It is a genetic condition caused by a change (mutation) in a gene. The gene for this disease is currently not known. Genes are what control the growth, development, and function of the body. If a mutation occurs it causes the gene to not work properly. Each person has two copies of every gene, one from the mother and one from the father. Hyperaldosteronism familial type 2 is passed down from parent to child in an autosomal dominant manner which means only one mutation from one parent is inherited by a child in order to cause symptoms. A person with this condition has a 50/50 chance of passing the condition on to their children.
Hyperaldosteronism familial type 2 can occur if a tumor of one or both adrenal glands produces too many hormones. The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys. Symptoms of hyperaldosteronism familial type 2 include tiredness, weak muscles, and high blood pressure. The body may also retain too much salt. Having this disorder can also make you more likely to have heart problems and strokes.
Treatment for hyperaldosteronism familial type 2 includes surgery to remove one or both of the adrenal glands and the tumors. Other treatment options include reducing the amount of salt intake or taking medicines to help normalize the hormone levels. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with hyperaldosteronism familial type 2, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options as well as signs that you may need immediate medical attention.