Frontal lobe seizures occur in the frontal lobe and are the 2nd most common type of seizures. The frontal lobe is located in the front of the brain and controls actions like decision-making, planning, and problem solving. Since the frontal lobe is a very large area, symptoms differ depending on where the seizure takes place. These seizures usually occur during sleep. During a frontal lobe seizure, a person may scream and laugh suddenly, move their legs like they are riding a bicycle, position their body in an abnormal position, or twist and turn dramatically. A person may be fully alert during this seizure.
A few causes of this seizure include abnormal brain tissue, trauma, stroke, tumors, or infection. There is also a rare genetic disorder called autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, which is a result of an abnormal gene. An individual has a 50 percent chance of inheriting this condition if one of the parents has it.
Frontal lobe seizures at times may be confused with sleep disorders or psychiatric problems. In order to get the proper diagnosis a doctor may conduct brain scans such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs), electroencephalograms (EEGs), or video EEGs. There are a number of medications available to treat frontal lobe seizures. If medication does not work, then there are surgery options as well. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment plan is best for you. Support groups are also good resources for support and information.