Gestational Diabetes

Common Name(s)

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that may develop in pregnant women. It affects about 18% of all pregnancies. In this type of diabetes, the mother has high levels of glucose (sugar) in her blood due to an inability to respond appropriately to a chemical called insulin. Insulin is a messenger that tells the body to break down sugars to make energy needed for daily life. For people with gestational diabetes, however, their body cannot convert sugar to energy the same way most people’s does. Gestational diabetes typically requires treatment during pregnancy to prevent complications of the condition to the mother and baby, but will usually resolve after delivery of the child. Treatment for gestational diabetes includes diet and exercise, although medication may become necessary if diet and exercise are not sufficient. One of the potential complications of gestational diabetes is macrosomia, meaning that the baby is excessively large at birth. This can lead to complications during the delivery and can put the child at risk for obesity and diabetes later in life.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Diabetes" for support, advocacy or research.

Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Diabetes" for support, advocacy or research.

Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

http://www.sidelines.org

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Gestational Diabetes" returned 1206 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A retrospective study of supplemental iron intake in singleton pregnancy women with risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus.
 

Author(s): Xiao-Ni Liu, Jing Pang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(26):e10819.

 

This study investigated the effect of supplemental iron intake (SII) in early singleton pregnancy women with the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among Chinese population.This study included 259 singleton pregnancy participants. Of those, 135 women underwent ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effects of abnormal 75 g oral glucose tolerance test at different time points on neonatal complications and neurobehavioral development in the pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (a STROBE-compliant article).
 

Author(s): Jian-Li Zhou, Jun Xing, Cong-Hui Liu, Jie Wen, Nan-Nan Zhao, Yuan-Yuan Kang, Ting Shao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 May;97(21):e10743.

 

With the improvement of living standard, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) incidence is increasing every year. We observed the effects of abnormal 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at different time points on neonatal complications and neurobehavioral development in GDM.A ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Influence of maternal weight gain on birth weight: a gestational diabetes cohort.
 

Author(s): Livia S Mastella, Letícia S Weinert, Vanessa Gnielka, Vânia N Hirakata, Maria Lúcia R Oppermann, Sandra P Silveiro, Angela J Reichelt

Journal: Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Feb;62(1):55-63.

 

Objective Our objective was to evaluate gestational weight gain (GWG) patterns and their relation to birth weight. Subjects and methods We prospectively enrolled 474 women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) at a university hospital (Porto Alegre, Brazil, November 2009-May 2015). ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Gestational Diabetes" returned 141 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Regulation of basal metabolic rate in uncomplicated pregnancy and in gestational diabetes mellitus.
 

Author(s): Eleftheria Taousani, Dimitra Savvaki, Efrosin Tsirou, Pavlos Poulakos, Gesthimani Mintziori, Menelaos Zafrakas, Dimitrios Vavilis, Dimitrios G Goulis

Journal: Hormones (Athens). 2017 Jul;16(3):235-250.

 

Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is one of the major components of total energy expenditure (TEE). It is affected by various factors, such as body weight, body composition, age, race/ethnicity, gender, biochemical parameters, physical activity, and health status. Gestational diabetes mellitus ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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High Fasting Plasma Glucose during Early Pregnancy: A Review about Early Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.
 

Author(s): E Cosson, L Carbillon, P Valensi

Journal: J Diabetes Res. 2017 ;2017():8921712.

 

Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) is nowadays routinely measured during early pregnancy to detect preexisting diabetes (FPG ≥ 7 mmol/L). This screening has concomitantly led to identify early intermediate hyperglycemia, defined as FPG in the 5.1 to 6.9 mmol/L range, also early ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Specific metabolic characteristics of women with former gestational diabetes: the importance of adipose tissue.
 

Author(s): D Vejrazkova, M Vankova, P Lukasova, J Vcelak, V Cirmanova, M Haluzik, B Bendlova

Journal: Physiol Res. 2017 Sep;66(Supplementum 3):S349-S356.

 

Women with a positive history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) face a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome later in life. The higher risk of these metabolic complications is closely associated with adipose tissue. In this review, the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 30 Jan 2018

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Evaluation of Education for Gestational Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Gestational Diabetes

 

Last Updated: 9 May 2018

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Last Updated: 27 Dec 2017

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