HIV

Common Name(s)

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a viral infection of the immune system. Acquired immune deficiency disease (AIDS) is the umbrella term used to describe the final stage of an HIV infection. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection, but HIV can also be transmitted by contaminated hypodermic needles and blood transfusions, as well as from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding. Early symptoms of an HIV infection include fever, rash, night sweats, headaches, sore throat, fatigue, and a general feeling of having the flu, but many individuals who are HIV positive do not have any symptoms. This is because the virus has a latency stage, also known as the chronic phase. The virus can lay dormant inside your cells for years. HIV is a human retrovirus. The term retrovirus means that the virus can replicate inside a human cell. The retrovirus is an RNA virus; it converts itself into DNA and inserts itself into the cell’s genome. Once it is part of the cell’s genetic code, the virus is then produced by the cell’s replication machinery. Once enough of the virus has been produced within the cell, the cell dies and releases the virus into the body. HIV attacks the cells of your immune system, specifically the CD4 cells. CD4 cells include T helper cells, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. The virus decreases the number CD4 cells in the body, therefore diminishing the body’s ability to fight infection. Once your number of CD4 cells has fallen below 200 per cubic millimeter of blood, you will be diagnosed with AIDS. There is no cure for an HIV infection or AIDS. There are treatments that can suppress the HIV virus and help to slow the progression of the disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "HIV" for support, advocacy or research.

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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The Well Project

The Well Project is a non-profit organization whose mission is to change the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic through a unique and comprehensive focus on women and girls. The Well Project advocates that every woman and girl should have access to quality, up-to-date information about HIV/AIDS.

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "HIV" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

http://www.thestdproject.com/

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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The Well Project

The Well Project is a non-profit organization whose mission is to change the course of the HIV/AIDS pandemic through a unique and comprehensive focus on women and girls. The Well Project advocates that every woman and girl should have access to quality, up-to-date information about HIV/AIDS.

http://www.thewellproject.org/

Last Updated: 20 May 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "HIV" returned 45697 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cutaneous tuberculosis and HIV infection at a referral centre in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
 

Author(s): Danielle Mann, Flávia Marinho Sant'Anna, Carolina Arana Stanis Schmaltz, Dayvison Francis Saraiva Freitas, Valeria Cavalcanti Rolla, Solange Cesar Cavalcante, Maria Clara Gutierrez-Galhardo

Journal:

 

Cutaneous tuberculosis (CTB) is a rare extrapulmonary form of tuberculosis (TB). Despite the increase in the number of cases of TB and HIV, few cases of CTB have been reported.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Feasibility of integrating HIV testing into local youth development p rogrammes in Cameroon.
 

Author(s): Cavin Epie Bekolo, Tatiana Danielle Yimdjo Fogue, Thomas D'Arcy Williams

Journal:

 

Many young people do not know their HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa where it is estimated that only 10% of young men and 15% of young women know their HIV status. In a rural community in Cameroon, we present a collaborative project that has successfully nested HIV testing for youths ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Antiretroviral resistance among HIV-1 patients on first-line therapy attending a comprehensive care clinic in Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya: a retrospective analysis.
 

Author(s): Joyceline Gaceri Kinyua, Raphael Wekesa Lihana, Michael Kiptoo, Timothy Muasya, Irene Odera, Patrick Muiruri, Elijah Maritim Songok

Journal:

 

Antiretroviral therapy plays a major role in reducing the impact of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Disease Syndrome, especially in resource-limited settings. However, without proper infrastructure, it has resulted in emergence of drug resistance mutations in infected ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "HIV" returned 4397 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

People Living With HIV: Implications for Rehabilitation Nurses.
 

Author(s): Joseph D Perazzo, Allison R Webel, Ellen McGough, Joachim Voss

Journal: Rehabil Nurs. ;43(3):167-173.

 

The aim of this study was to present a brief overview of challenges faced by people living with HIV (PLHIV) as they age, to discuss the relevance of HIV to rehabilitation nurses, and to provide evidence-based recommendations for rehabilitation professionals working with PLHIV.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Community health worker interventions to promote psychosocial outcomes among people living with HIV-A systematic review.
 

Author(s): Hae-Ra Han, Kyounghae Kim, Jeanne Murphy, Joycelyn Cudjoe, Patty Wilson, Phyllis Sharps, Jason E Farley

Journal:

 

Community health worker (CHW) interventions are a successful strategy to promote health among HIV-negative and persons living with HIV (PLWH). Psychosocial factors are critical dimensions of HIV/AIDS care contributing to prognosis of the disease, yet it is unclear how CHW interventions ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Therapeutic Potential of Anti-HIV RNA-loaded Exosomes.
 

Author(s): Yong Qiu, Jing Ma, Yi Zeng

Journal: Biomed. Environ. Sci.. 2018 Mar;31(3):215-226.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Safety and Immunogenicity of Clade C ALVAC and gp120 HIV Vaccine
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: HIV Infections

 

Last Updated: 13 Sep 2017

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Safety and Immune Response to a Clade C DNA HIV Vaccine
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: HIV Infections

 

Last Updated: 28 Dec 2016

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