Heart attack

Common Name(s)

Heart attack, Myocardial infarction

A heart attack or myocardial infraction (MI), occurs when the heart is not getting enough oxygen. The oxygen-rich blood the heart muscle needs to do its work flows through the arteries. Most often, a heart attack occurs when a blood clot blocks the arteries. Blood clots can form when plaques (a buildup of fat, cholesterol, or other substances on arteries wall) rupture. When oxygen can’t reach a part of the heart muscle, that part becomes damaged. Common symptoms of a heart attack include pressure, tightness, or pain in the chest or arms; nausea, indigestion, heartburn, or abdominal pain; shortness of breath, cold sweats, fatigue, or dizziness. Symptoms and severity may vary, especially in women. Symptoms may start slowly and build over time. It is important to call for emergency medical help immediately if you think you or someone else is having a heart attack.

There are many factors that put you at risk for a heart attack. Age, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history of heart attack, obesity, stress, lack of exercise, certain autoimmune conditions (like arthritis or lupus), and illegal drug may all increase your risk. An electrocardiogram (EKG) is typically used to diagnose heart attacks. EKGs monitor heart rate and rhythm and can show if a heart attack is in progress or has already happened. Other tests include blood tests, chest x-rays, and echocardiogram. A cardiac catheterization may be used to check for blockages in the arteries that supply the heart. Medications such as aspirin, and blood thinners, and special heart medications may be used to manage the pain and prevent future attacks. Surgical procedures such as coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass may be suggested. Diet changes and an exercise plan may also be part of recovery and prevention plan. Talk with your doctor about the latest treatment options. Support groups are also good resources for support and information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart attack" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Heart attack" returned 168 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Patient confidence regarding secondary lifestyle modification and knowledge of 'heart attack' symptoms following percutaneous revascularisation in Japan: a cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Hiroki Kitakata, Takashi Kohno, Shun Kohsaka, Junko Fujino, Naomi Nakano, Ryoma Fukuoka, Shinsuke Yuasa, Yuichiro Maekawa, Keiichi Fukuda

Journal:

 

To assess patient perspectives on secondary lifestyle modification and knowledge of 'heart attack' after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary artery disease (CAD).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Baseline Quality of Life and Risk of Stroke in the ALLHAT Study (Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial).
 

Author(s): Tanzila Shams, Alexander P Auchus, Suzanne Oparil, Clinton B Wright, Jackson Wright, Anthony J Furlan, Cathy A Sila, Barry R Davis, Sara Pressel, Jose-Miguel Yamal, Paula T Einhorn, Alan J Lerner,

Journal: Stroke. 2017 11;48(11):3078-3085.

 

The visual analogue scale is a self-reported, validated tool to measure quality of life (QoL). Our purpose was to determine whether baseline QoL predicted strokes in the ALLHAT study (Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial) and evaluate determinants ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Heartburn or heart attack? A mimic of MI.
 

Author(s): Willis S Bowman, Amir Farid, Paul Aronowitz

Journal: Cleve Clin J Med. 2017 Sep;84(9):664-665.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Heart attack" returned 10 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Gene scanning and heart attack risk.
 

Author(s): Andreas S Barth, Gordon F Tomaselli

Journal: Trends Cardiovasc. Med.. 2016 Apr;26(3):260-5.

 

Coronary heart disease remains the leading cause of death in the Western World. The advent of microarray and next-generation sequencing technologies has generated multi-dimensional data sets, allowing for new pathophysiological insights into this complex disease. To date, genome-wide ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The role of the emergency services in the optimisation of primary angioplasty: experience from London and the Heart Attack Team.
 

Author(s): Miles Dalby, Mark Whitbread,

Journal: EuroIntervention. 2013 Aug;9(4):517-23.

 

Early ambulance services often confined their activities to a "scoop and run" approach, conveying sick patients quickly to the nearest emergency department. With the advent of modern ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) management and primary percutaneous coronary intervention ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Public awareness of heart attack symptoms: what should we look for and how will it help?
 

Author(s): Jing Fang

Journal: Future Cardiol. 2011 Nov;7(6):849-51.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Women's Heart Attack Research Program- Imaging Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myocardial Infarction

 

Last Updated: 14 Nov 2018

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Women's Heart Attack Research Program: Stress Ancillary Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myocardial Infarction

 

Last Updated: 14 Nov 2018

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Women's Heart Attack Research Program: Platelet Sub-Study (HARP)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myocardial Infarction

 

Last Updated: 21 May 2018

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