Hemoglobinopathies are also known as hemoglobin disorders. Hemoglobin is a chemical found in the blood and its function is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Hemoglobinopathies occur when there is a problem with this chemical and it is not able to function correctly. Symptoms of hemoglobinopathy range from none to severe shortness of breath and fatigue. If untreated, hemoglobinopathies may potentially lead to organ damage or even death. In newborns, early signs include excessive tiredness, fatigue while eating or crying, and shortness of breath. Sickle cell anemia and thalassemia are common examples of hemoglobinopathies. Most are genetic disorders, meaning that they may be transferred from parents to their children. This condition often requires lifelong management, including frequent check-ups, medications, and/or blood transfusions.