Hemorrhagic stroke

Common Name(s)

Hemorrhagic stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain does not receive the oxygen and nutrients that it needs. This can cause cells in the brain to die. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, and hemorrhagic. Hemorrhagic strokes are less common than ischemic strokes, and account for only 15% of all strokes. Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel in the head ruptures or breaks. This causes bleeding in or near the brain. Bleeding in the brain is harmful because the extra blood presses against the brain cells and can cause them to die.

There are two types of hemorrhagic strokes: intra-cerebral hemorrhagic strokes and subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke. An intra-cerebral stroke occurs when the ruptured blood vessel is located within the brain. This is the most common type of hemorrhagic stroke. A subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke occurs when the ruptured blood vessel is located in between the brain and the skull.

A hemorrhagic stroke will often cause a very severe headache, usually described as “the worst headache I have ever had”. A hemorrhagic stroke may have additional symptoms that are similar to the symptoms seen in an ischemic stroke: blurred vision, loss of vision, loss of coordination, drooping eyelids, and nausea or vomiting. Risk factors include older age, smoking, high blood pressure, illicit drug usage, head injury, heavy drinking, and a family history of a stroke. If you believe that you or a family member may be experiencing a hemorrhagic stroke, seek medical attention immediately. It is very important that the bleed is stopped. Support groups are available for more information and resources.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemorrhagic stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemorrhagic stroke" returned 234 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Chronic rhinosinusitis increases the risk of hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke: A longitudinal follow-up study using a national sample cohort.
 

Author(s): Woo Hyun Lee, Jeong-Whun Kim, Jae-Sung Lim, Il Gyu Kong, Hyo Geun Choi

Journal:

 

Several studies have reported that chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) increases the risk of stroke. The aim of this study is to elucidate the putative association between CRS and stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) using large population-based national health insurance data.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Different utilization of intensive care services (ICSs) for patients dying of hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke, a hospital-based survey.
 

Author(s): Vinchi Wang, Chieh-Chao Hsieh, Yen-Ling Huang, Chia-Ping Chen, Yi-Ting Hsieh, Tzu-Hao Chao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Feb;97(8):e0017.

 

The intensive care service (ICS) saves lives and rescues the neurological function of stroke patients. We wondered the different utilization of ICS for patients with ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, especially those who died within 30 days after stroke.Sixty-seven patients died during ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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High-permeability region size on perfusion CT predicts hemorrhagic transformation after intravenous thrombolysis in stroke.
 

Author(s): Josep Puig, Gerard Blasco, Pepus Daunis-I-Estadella, Cecile van Eendendburg, María Carrillo-García, Carlos Aboud, María Hernández-Pérez, Joaquín Serena, Carles Biarnés, Kambiz Nael, David S Liebeskind, Götz Thomalla, Bijoy K Menon, Andrew Demchuk, Max Wintermark, Salvador Pedraza, Mar Castellanos

Journal:

 

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability has been proposed as a predictor of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) administration; however, the reliability of perfusion computed tomography (PCT) permeability imaging for predicting HT is uncertain. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemorrhagic stroke" returned 28 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pharmacological targeting of secondary brain damage following ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, traumatic brain injury, and bacterial meningitis - a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Thomas Beez, Hans-Jakob Steiger, Nima Etminan

Journal:

 

The effectiveness of pharmacological strategies exclusively targeting secondary brain damage (SBD) following ischemic stroke, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, aSAH, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), traumatic brain injury (TBI) and bacterial meningitis is unclear. This meta-analysis ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Neural Vascular Mechanism for the Cerebral Blood Flow Autoregulation after Hemorrhagic Stroke.
 

Author(s): Ming Xiao, Qiang Li, Hua Feng, Le Zhang, Yujie Chen

Journal: Neural Plast.. 2017 ;2017():5819514.

 

During the initial stages of hemorrhagic stroke, including intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage, the reflex mechanisms are activated to protect cerebral perfusion, but secondary dysfunction of cerebral flow autoregulation will eventually reduce global cerebral blood ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The choroid plexus as a site of damage in hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke and its role in responding to injury.
 

Author(s): Jianming Xiang, Lisa J Routhe, D Andrew Wilkinson, Ya Hua, Torben Moos, Guohua Xi, Richard F Keep

Journal:

 

While the impact of hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes on the blood-brain barrier has been extensively studied, the impact of these types of stroke on the choroid plexus, site of the blood-CSF barrier, has received much less attention. The purpose of this review is to examine evidence ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

PREvention of VENous Thromboembolism In Hemorrhagic Stroke Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemorrhagic Stroke; Venous Thromboembolism; Deep Venous Thrombosis

 

Last Updated: 10 Oct 2017

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Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Hemorrhagic Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 19 Jul 2017

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Early Tracheostomy in Ventilated Stroke Patients 2
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

 

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2017

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