Hepatitis

Common Name(s)

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a medical condition that affects the liver. The liver is an organ found in the right side of our belly (abdomen) under the rib cage. The liver cleans our blood of toxins, poisons, and bacteria; produces bile that helps our body breakdown food; stores vitamins, minerals and sugars; and helps control cholesterol levels. Hepatitis occurs when the liver swells, scars, and becomes inflamed, which stops it from working properly or completely.

Symptoms of hepatitis may include jaundice (yellowing of the skin), poor appetite, abdominal pain, enlargement of the abdomen, and a general feeling of being unwell, or malaise. Sometimes hepatitis can heal on its own, but other times it will progress to fibrosis and cirrhosis (types of scarring).

The most common causes of hepatitis are viral infections, but other medical conditions, including autoimmune disorders, certain medications and toxic substances, including alcohol and drugs, can also cause hepatitis. Viral hepatitis includes Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. There are vaccines available to help prevent types A and B. Hepatitis A and E usually resolve on their own, whereas hepatitis B, C, and D can be chronic and serious. Transmission is dependent on the virus type. Physicians diagnose hepatitis by assessing symptoms during a physical exam, blood tests, and, if needed, using a liver biopsy.

Treatment for hepatitis is usually supportive, preventing further damage by avoiding toxic medications (including acetaminophen or Tylenol), drugs or alcohol, and, if possible, reversing the underlying cause. There are medications available to treat chronic hepatitis and, due to medical research, treatments are improving rapidly. Talk with your doctor if you or a family member has been diagnosed with hepatitis to decide on the best treatment plan.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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American Liver Foundation

The American Liver Foundation (ALF) is the nation's leading nonprofit organization promoting liver health and disease prevention. ALF provides research, education and advocacy for those affected by liver-related diseases, including hepatitis.

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2012

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hepatitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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American Liver Foundation

The American Liver Foundation (ALF) is the nation's leading nonprofit organization promoting liver health and disease prevention. ALF provides research, education and advocacy for those affected by liver-related diseases, including hepatitis.

http://www.liverfoundation.org

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2012

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

http://www.thestdproject.com/

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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World Hepatitis Alliance

The World Hepatitis Alliance is a not-for-profit international umbrella NGO. Our membership is composed of over 170 organisations who work in the field of viral hepatitis, representing every region of the world. We are patient-led and patient-driven, and in this way, we are the global voice for the 500 million people worldwide living with viral hepatitis. Through better awareness, prevention, care, support and access to treatment, our ultimate goal is to work with governments to eradicate these diseases from the planet.

http://www.worldhepatitisalliance.org/en/

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hepatitis" returned 23636 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Hepatitis C in Brazil: lessons learned with boceprevir and telaprevir.
 

Author(s): Lenyta Oliveira Gomes, Marina Rodrigues Teixeira, Júnior André da Rosa, Alberi Adolfo Feltrin, João Paulo V Rodrigues, Mariane D'Avila Vecchi, Jane Meire M Carneiro, Lúcia de Araújo C B Noblat, Silvana Gama F Chachá, Ana de Lourdes C Martinelli, Leonardo Regis L Pereira, Marysabel Pinto T Silveira, Carine Raquel Blatt, Mareni Rocha Farias

Journal: Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo. 2018 ;60():e29.

 

In 2012, the first-generation protease inhibitors telaprevir (TVR) and boceprevir (BOC) were introduced in the Brazilian health system for treatment of chronic hepatitis C, after their approval by the National Committee for Health Technology Incorporation (CONITEC). However, these ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prevention of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.
 

Author(s): Sarah Schillie, Claudia Vellozzi, Arthur Reingold, Aaron Harris, Penina Haber, John W Ward, Noele P Nelson

Journal:

 

HEPATITIS B VIRUS (HBV) IS TRANSMITTED VIA BLOOD OR SEXUAL CONTACT. PERSONS WITH CHRONIC HBV INFECTION ARE AT INCREASED RISK FOR CIRRHOSIS AND LIVER CANCER AND REQUIRE MEDICAL CARE. THIS REPORT UPDATES AND SUMMARIZES PREVIOUSLY PUBLISHED RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Adalimumab therapy in hepatitis B virus-negative polyarteritis nodosa: A case report.
 

Author(s): Chrong-Reen Wang, Chao-Chun Yang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(25):e11053.

 

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a difficult-to-treat rheumatology disorder, and biologic agents have been used in such patients with a treatment failure or the disease relapse.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hepatitis" returned 2712 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Occult hepatitis B reactivation in a patient with homozygous sickle cell disease: clinical case and literature review].
 

Author(s): Moustapha Diop, Viviane Marie Pierre Cisse-Diallo, Daye Ka, Ndèye Aissatou Lakhe, Khardiata Diallo-Mbaye, Aminata Massaly, Alassane Dièye, Ndèye Maguette Fall, Aboubacar Sadikh Badiane, Daouda Thioub, Louise Fortes-Déguénonvo, Gora Lo, Cheikh Tacko Diop, Cheikh Tidiane Ndour, Masserigne Soumaré, Moussa Seydi

Journal:

 

Occult Hepatitis B corresponds to the presence of hepatitis B virus-deoxyribonucleic acid (HBV-DNA) in serum and/or in liver of a patient despite HBsAg negativity. Clinically, it is usually asymptomatic. Its reactivation is rare and commonly occurs in immunosuppressed individuals. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Animal models for the study of hepatitis B virus infection.
 

Author(s): Wei-Na Guo, Bin Zhu, Ling Ai, Dong-Liang Yang, Bao-Ju Wang

Journal: Zool Res. 2018 Jan;39(1):25-31.

 

Even with an effective vaccine, an estimated 240 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) worldwide. Current antiviral therapies, including interferon and nucleot(s)ide analogues, rarely cure chronic hepatitis B. Animal models are very crucial for understanding ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Survival from alcoholic hepatitis has not improved over time.
 

Author(s): Emily Hughes, Laurence J Hopkins, Richard Parker

Journal:

 

We aimed to describe changes in survival in alcoholic hepatitis (AH) over time by examining published data.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Hepatitis Delta International Network
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis D

 

Last Updated: 25 Aug 2017

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Immune Cell Dysfunction in Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis

 

Last Updated: 30 Jan 2018

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HepNet Pilot Trial: Multicenter Trial for the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis E With Sofosbuvir (SofE)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hepatitis E; Hepatitis Chronic Viral

 

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2018

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