High blood pressure

Common Name(s)

High blood pressure, Hypertension

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, occurs when the force of blood traveling through arteries is too high. This high pressure can lead to other serious health problems, including heart attack, a decrease of blood flow to the brain (stroke), bulged blood vessel (aneurysm), and heart failure. African American ethnicity, obesity, chronic stress, family history, diabetes, and smoking are all risk factors for developing high blood pressure. A person can have high blood pressure without showing symptoms. If the pressure becomes high enough, it can cause symptoms that include a dull headache, nosebleeds, or dizzy spells.

A doctor can collect a blood pressure reading using an inflatable cuff that is wrapped around the arm. This reading is made up of two numbers: the systolic pressure (the top number) and the diastolic pressure (bottom number). The systolic number measures the pressure when the heart beats and fills the arteries with blood. The diastolic number measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats. A blood pressure reading of less than 120/80 is considered normal. If the reading is too high, your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and additional tests to look for a cause of the high blood pressure, including kidney problems or thyroid problems. However, most cases of high blood pressure do not have a known cause and typically just develop due to age. It is important for individuals with high blood pressure to be monitored regularly. The main form of high blood pressure treatment includes healthy lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, a healthy diet with less salt, weight loss, and quitting smoking. In addition to incorporating these lifestyle changes, your doctor may prescribe medication to help lower the blood pressure. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment option is best for you.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "High blood pressure" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "High blood pressure" returned 623 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Availability and affordability of blood pressure-lowering medicines and the effect on blood pressure control in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: an analysis of the PURE study data.
 

Author(s): Marjan W Attaei, Rasha Khatib, Martin McKee, Scott Lear, Gilles Dagenais, Ehimario U Igumbor, Khalid F AlHabib, Manmeet Kaur, Lanthe Kruger, Koon Teo, Fernando Lanas, Khalid Yusoff, Aytekin Oguz, Rajeev Gupta, Afzalhussein M Yusufali, Ahmad Bahonar, Raman Kutty, Annika Rosengren, Viswanathan Mohan, Alvaro Avezum, Rita Yusuf, Andrzej Szuba, Sumathy Rangarajan, Clara Chow, Salim Yusuf,

Journal: Lancet Public Health. 2017 Sep;2(9):e411-e419.

 

Hypertension is considered the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, but its control is poor worldwide. We aimed to assess the availability and affordability of blood pressure-lowering medicines, and the association with use of these medicines and blood pressure ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Nutrition label experience, obesity, high blood pressure, and high blood lipids in a cohort of 42,750 Thai adults.
 

Author(s): Wimalin Rimpeekool, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Martyn Kirk, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh

Journal:

 

Nutrition labels have been promoted for nearly two decades in Thailand to educate people about healthy eating and to combat nutrient-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). But little is known about how nutrition labels are experienced and whether they are linked with better health. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Income inequality and high blood pressure in Colombia: a multilevel analysis.
 

Author(s): Diego I Lucumi, Amy J Schulz, Ana V Diez Roux, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor

Journal:

 

The objective of this research was to examine the association between income inequality and high blood pressure in Colombia. Using a nationally representative Colombian sample of adults, and data from departments and municipalities, we fit sex-stratified linear and logistic multilevel ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "High blood pressure" returned 55 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Kidney Cadmium Toxicity, Diabetes and High Blood Pressure: The Perfect Storm.
 

Author(s): Soisungwan Satarug, David A Vesey, Glenda C Gobe

Journal: Tohoku J. Exp. Med.. 2017 01;241(1):65-87.

 

Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of widespread exposure and pervasive toxicity. Absorption, systemic transport and uptake of Cd are mediated by metal transporters that the body uses for acquisition of physiologically-essential elements, notably of iron, zinc and calcium. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Guidelines of the French Society of Otorhinolaryngology (SFORL). Epistaxis and high blood pressure.
 

Author(s): J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, L Robard, L Crampette, O Malard,

Journal: Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis. 2017 Feb;134(1):33-35.

 

The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on epistaxis in high blood pressure.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The Malaria-High Blood Pressure Hypothesis.
 

Author(s): Anthony O Etyang, Liam Smeeth, J Kennedy Cruickshank, J Anthony G Scott

Journal: Circ. Res.. 2016 Jun;119(1):36-40.

 

Several studies have demonstrated links between infectious diseases and cardiovascular conditions. Malaria and hypertension are widespread in many low- and middle-income countries, but the possible link between them has not been considered.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Treating Nocturnal Hypertension and Nocturia in African American Men
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: High Blood Pressure

 

Last Updated: 23 Oct 2017

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A Multicenter Study to Evaluate the ROX Coupler in Subjects With Hypertension
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypertension; High Blood Pressure

 

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2018

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Spinal Cord Stimulation to Treat Hypertension
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypertension

 

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2017

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