Hygroma cervical is a condition that involves a cyst or a group of cysts, which are usually found in the neck. These cysts are filled with fluid. They are caused by a block in the lymphatic system, which is the body system that helps get rid of waste and toxins.
Hygroma cervical can be detected at different times depending on when symptoms appear. It can be seen through ultrasound, right after birth, or later in life. Hygroma cervical is usually detected through ultrasound by seeing more fluid than normal at the back of the baby’s neck. The effects vary depending on the size of the cysts. If the cysts are small, they can disappear by themselves and will not cause any problems. Most cysts grow to be very large, which may lead to extra folds of skin on the neck, tissue swelling, noncancerous skin tumors, and extra fluid in the baby’s body.
There are several causes of hygroma cervical. About half of the cases are due to problems with chromosomes, which contain your genetic information. If the condition is detected before birth, doctors will usually recommend amniocentesis, which can be used to check the baby’s chromosomes. If the chromosomes are normal and the cyst disappears before birth, the baby will usually be healthy. If the cyst does not disappear, there is a low chance of a healthy outcome. If the chromosomes are not normal, the cysts are likely part of a genetic condition, such as Turner, Noonan, Pena-Shokeir, and Robert syndromes.
If hygroma cervical is detected before birth, doctors will closely monitor the baby after birth to make sure that they are breathing normally. If the cysts lead to breathing problems, the main treatment options are surgery to remove the cysts or the injection of medicine into the cysts to make them smaller. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with hygroma cervical, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options.
Description Last Updated: Feb 25, 2018