High blood pressure

Common Name(s)

High blood pressure, Hypertension

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, occurs when the force of blood traveling through arteries is too high. This high pressure can lead to other serious health problems, including heart attack, a decrease of blood flow to the brain (stroke), bulged blood vessel (aneurysm), and heart failure. African American ethnicity, obesity, chronic stress, family history, diabetes, and smoking are all risk factors for developing high blood pressure. A person can have high blood pressure without showing symptoms. If the pressure becomes high enough, it can cause symptoms that include a dull headache, nosebleeds, or dizzy spells.

A doctor can collect a blood pressure reading using an inflatable cuff that is wrapped around the arm. This reading is made up of two numbers: the systolic pressure (the top number) and the diastolic pressure (bottom number). The systolic number measures the pressure when the heart beats and fills the arteries with blood. The diastolic number measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats. A blood pressure reading of less than 120/80 is considered normal. If the reading is too high, your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and additional tests to look for a cause of the high blood pressure, including kidney problems or thyroid problems. However, most cases of high blood pressure do not have a known cause and typically just develop due to age. It is important for individuals with high blood pressure to be monitored regularly. The main form of high blood pressure treatment includes healthy lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, a healthy diet with less salt, weight loss, and quitting smoking. In addition to incorporating these lifestyle changes, your doctor may prescribe medication to help lower the blood pressure. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment option is best for you.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "High blood pressure" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "High blood pressure" returned 643 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Impact of high salt consumption of blood pressure on a non-hypertensive population].
 

Author(s): Karen Domínguez Cancino, María Cristina Paredes Escobar

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Dec;145(12):1597-1604.

 

Background There is conflicting evidence regarding the role of salt intake in blood pressure (BP). Aim To estimate the impact of salt consumption on the BP level of a non-hypertensive population aged between 15 and 64 years. Material and Methods Analytical-observational study using ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The effect of low and high-intensity cycling in diesel exhaust on flow-mediated dilation, circulating NOx, endothelin-1 and blood pressure.
 

Author(s): Luisa V Giles, Scott J Tebbutt, Christopher Carlsten, Michael S Koehle

Journal:

 

Exposure to air pollution impairs aspects of endothelial function such as flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Outdoor exercisers are frequently exposed to air pollution, but how exercising in air pollution affects endothelial function and how these effects are modified by exercise intensity ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Effects of high intensity interval training on blood pressure in hypertensive subjects].
 

Author(s): María Angélica Olea, Rodrigo Mancilla, Sergio Martínez, Erik Díaz

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Sep;145(9):1154-1159.

 

Exercise training may reduce blood pressure.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "High blood pressure" returned 56 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Social determinants of common metabolic risk factors (high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high body mass index and high waist-hip ratio) of major non-communicable diseases in South Asia region: a systematic review protocol.
 

Author(s): Sudesh Raj Sharma, Shiva Raj Mishra, Kusum Wagle, Rachel Page, Anna Matheson, Danielle Lambrick, James Faulkner, David Lounsbury, Abhinav Vaidya

Journal:

 

Prevalence of non-communicable diseases has been increasing at a greater pace in developing countries and, in particular, the South Asia region. Various behavioral, social and environmental factors present in this region perpetuate common metabolic risk factors of non-communicable ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Kidney Cadmium Toxicity, Diabetes and High Blood Pressure: The Perfect Storm.
 

Author(s): Soisungwan Satarug, David A Vesey, Glenda C Gobe

Journal: Tohoku J. Exp. Med.. 2017 01;241(1):65-87.

 

Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of widespread exposure and pervasive toxicity. Absorption, systemic transport and uptake of Cd are mediated by metal transporters that the body uses for acquisition of physiologically-essential elements, notably of iron, zinc and calcium. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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High blood pressure in school children and adolescents in Argentina over the past 25 years: A systematic review of observational studies.
 

Author(s): Alejandro Díaz, Luciana Calandra

Journal: Arch Argent Pediatr. 2017 02;115(1):5-11.

 

Over the past years, hypertension has been recognized as an important health problem in the pediatric population. A systematic review of observational studies published between 1988 and 2014 was conducted to estimate the prevalence of high blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Treating Nocturnal Hypertension and Nocturia in African American Men
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: High Blood Pressure

 

Last Updated: 23 Oct 2017

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A Multicenter Study to Evaluate the ROX Coupler in Subjects With Hypertension
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypertension; High Blood Pressure

 

Last Updated: 3 Jul 2018

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Efficient Self-management of Chronic Disease Using Health Information Technology - a Study on Hypertension
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypertension; High Blood Pressure

 

Last Updated: 14 Jun 2018

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