Hypothermia

Common Name(s)

Hypothermia

Hypothermia is a very serious condition where an individual’s body temperature drops below a certain range, and the body is unable to continue normal body processes. Our normal body temperature is 98.6 F (37 C). Hypothermia develops when the body drops below 95 F (35 C). Hypothermia is caused by long-term exposure to cold outdoor conditions, accidental falls into cold water, and improper heating indoors.

Common symptoms of hypothermia may include shivering, fatigue, inability to concentrate, nausea, and slow and shallow breathing. With increased exposure to cold temperatures, the individual may begin to display more severe symptoms of the condition. Without treatment, the individual may die.

If you find someone experiencing hypothermia, it is important to contact a doctor or medical professional immediately. Begin treating the individual by moving them to a warmer location. Remove any wet or cold clothing and begin wrapping them in warm blankets or towels and provide warm beverages to drink.

Most people associate the development of hypothermia to long-term exposure to the outdoors. However, it is possible to develop hypothermia indoors as well. Older adults, young children, and individuals with mental disorders are more at risk for developing hypothermia. As a caretaker, it is important to check that the temperature inside a house remains warm enough for these at risk individuals, especially during cold winter months. If you or someone you know is experiencing hypothermia, it is important to get medical help immediately to find out the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypothermia" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hypothermia" returned 1296 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Current Status of Therapeutic Hypothermia in India: Few Concerns: Authors' Reply.
 

Author(s): Sudhin Thayyil, Seetha Shankaran

Journal: Indian Pediatr. 2018 04;55(4):347-348.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Current Status of Therapeutic Hypothermia in India: Few Concerns.
 

Author(s): Jogender Kumar, Amitabh Singh

Journal: Indian Pediatr. 2018 04;55(4):347.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Performance on the APACHE II, SAPS II, SOFA and the OHCA score of post-cardiac arrest patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia.
 

Author(s): Jea Yeon Choi, Jae Ho Jang, Yong Su Lim, Jee Yong Jang, Gun Lee, Hyuk Jun Yang, Jin Seong Cho, Sung Youl Hyun

Journal:

 

This study assessed the ability of the Acute Physiologic and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) score to predict the outcome of OHCA patients ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hypothermia" returned 155 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Therapeutic hypothermia for neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.
 

Author(s): Ming-Chou Chiang, Yuh-Jyh Jong, Chyi-Her Lin

Journal: Pediatr Neonatol. 2017 12;58(6):475-483.

 

Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a recommended regimen for newborn infants who are at or near term with evolving moderate-to-severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The Task Force of the Taiwan Child Neurology Society and the Taiwan Society of Neonatology held a joint meeting ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effectiveness of active and passive warming for the prevention of inadvertent hypothermia in patients receiving neuraxial anesthesia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Clarissa A Shaw, Victoria M Steelman, Jennifer DeBerg, Marin L Schweizer

Journal: J Clin Anesth. 2017 May;38():93-104.

 

Perioperative hypothermia is a common complication of anesthesia that can result in negative outcomes. The purpose of this review is to answer the question: Does the type of warming intervention influence the frequency or severity of inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) in ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effects of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Neuroprotection from the Viewpoint of Redox Regulation.
 

Author(s): Nobuyuki Nosaka, Ayumi Okada, Hirokazu Tsukahara

Journal: Acta Med. Okayama. 2017 Feb;71(1):1-9.

 

Redox regulation has recently been recognized as an important factor in acute illnesses as well as in chronic diseases. It has also become a target for neuroprotection in acute intensive care. Despite its well-known therapeutic effects, therapeutic hypothermia has recently been re-evaluated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 26 Sep 2016

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Prevention of Maternal Hypothermia After Scheduled Caesarean Section Using Active Intravenous Warming
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Postoperative Hypothermia

 

Last Updated: 27 Aug 2018

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Last Updated: 26 Aug 2018

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