Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Common Name(s)

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Pediatric arthritis, JIA, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, JRA

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), is the most common form of arthritis in children ages 6 months to 17 years. JIA causes inflammation (redness, swelling, heat, pain) in one, or many, joints (areas of the body where two bones fit together). JIA is not the same as the adult type of arthritis. There are seven different types of JIA (see related conditions below).

JIA causes pain, stiffness, swelling, and redness most commonly in the knees and joints of hands and feet. The joint may not move fully (decreased range of motion). Symptoms are usually worse in the morning or after a nap. The symptoms may go away after a few months or be lifelong. Some types of JIA can affect other parts of the body, causing swollen lymph nodes, rashes and fever, eye inflammation and growth problems.

The cause of JIA is unknown (idiopathic). However, it is believed that both environmental and genetic factors play a role. JIA may be an autoimmune or autoinflammatory disease. Usually, our immune system protects us from illness and infection by attacking viruses, bacteria and other foreign bodies. Sometimes our immune system attacks its own healthy cells. Different parts of our immune system can go wrong causing either an autoimmune or an autoinflammatory response.

Girls are more likely to have JIA. Certain viruses may also increase a child’s risk. To diagnose this condition, your child’s doctor or specialist may perform a physical exam, blood tests and special imaging tests of your child’s joints (using X-ray, MRI and video imaging). Although there is no cure for JIA, there are treatments that help reduce pain and swelling. These treatments include medications, therapy, and possibly surgery. If your child has been diagnosed with JIA, talk with their doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other families.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

http://www.ifautoimmunearthritis.org

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

http://www.sclero.org/

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" returned 762 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Contribution of the use of basic telemedicine tools to the care of children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis at the Puerto Montt Hospital, Chile.
 

Author(s): A S Strickler, J Palma, R Charris, T Candia, M Grez, B González, A King, V Rivera

Journal: Rev Chil Pediatr. 2018 Feb;89(1):59-66.

 

Children and adolescents with rheumatologic diseases require specialized and comprehensive care, but pediatric rheumatologists and immunologists are concentrated in hospitals with specific, high-cost and modern technology. Considering that some patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical features of children with enthesitis-related juvenile idiopathic arthritis / juvenile spondyloarthritis followed in a French tertiary care pediatric rheumatology centre.
 

Author(s): Maxime Goirand, Sylvain Breton, Frédéric Chevallier, Ngoc-Phoi Duong, Florence Uettwiller, Isabelle Melki, Richard Mouy, Carine Wouters, Brigitte Bader-Meunier, Chantal Job-Deslandre, Pierre Quartier

Journal:

 

Childhood-onset spondyloarthropathies usually start with enthesitis and peripheral arthritis. However, axial disease may develop afterward. Patients are most often classified, following revised (Edmonton 2011) ILAR criteria, as enthesitis-related arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Assessment of dentofacial growth deviation in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: Reliability and validity of three-dimensional morphometric measures.
 

Author(s): Peter Stoustrup, Christian Kerting Iversen, Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Cory M Resnick, Carlalberta Verna, Sven Erik Nørholt, Shelly Abramowicz, Annelise Küseler, Paolo Maria Cattaneo, Troels Herlin, Thomas Klit Pedersen

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Patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) often experience abnormal facial growth. Three-dimensional (3D) assessment of dentofacial growth deviation has become more common with advancement and commercialization of imaging ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" returned 108 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Protocols on classification, monitoring and therapy in children's rheumatology (PRO-KIND): results of the working group Polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
 

Author(s): Gerd Horneff, Ariane Klein, Gerd Ganser, Michaela Sailer-Höck, Annette Günther, Ivan Foeldvari, Frank Weller-Heinemann

Journal:

 

Several effective pharmacologic treatment options for polyarticual juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) have emerged but initial treatment is heterogeneous in Germany. Therefore, the German Society of Pediatric Rheumatolgy has established a commission to develop consensus "Protocols ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Open issues in the assessment and management of pain in juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
 

Author(s): Gabriella Giancane, Alessandra Alongi, Silvia Rosina, Serena Calandra, Alessandro Consolaro, Angelo Ravelli

Journal: Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.. ;35 Suppl 107(5):123-126.

 

Pain is the major symptom of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and its reduction is a key goal of treatment. It is widely agreed that assessment of pain is a fundamental component of the rheumatology evaluation and should be carried out at each clinic visit. However, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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US Evaluation of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis and Osteoarticular Infection.
 

Author(s): Jie C Nguyen, Kenneth S Lee, Mahesh M Thapa, Humberto G Rosas

Journal: Radiographics. ;37(4):1181-1201.

 

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and osteoarticular infection can cause nonspecific articular and periarticular complaints in children. Although contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is the reference standard imaging modality, musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Pharmacovigilance in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Patients Treated With Biologic Agents and/or Methotrexate
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2018

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Massage Therapy in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2018

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