Juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Common Name(s)

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, JRA, Pediatric arthritis, JIA, Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), is the most common form of arthritis in children ages 6 months to 17 years. JIA causes inflammation (redness, swelling, heat, pain) in one, or many, joints (areas of the body where two bones fit together). JIA is not the same as the adult type of arthritis. There are seven different types of JIA (see related conditions below).

JIA causes pain, stiffness, swelling, and redness most commonly in the knees and joints of hands and feet. The joint may not move fully (decreased range of motion). Symptoms are usually worse in the morning or after a nap. The symptoms may go away after a few months or be lifelong. Some types of JIA can affect other parts of the body, causing swollen lymph nodes, rashes and fever, eye inflammation and growth problems.

The cause of JIA is unknown (idiopathic). However, it is believed that both environmental and genetic factors play a role. JIA may be an autoimmune or autoinflammatory disease. Usually, our immune system protects us from illness and infection by attacking viruses, bacteria and other foreign bodies. Sometimes our immune system attacks its own healthy cells. Different parts of our immune system can go wrong causing either an autoimmune or an autoinflammatory response.

Girls are more likely to have JIA. Certain viruses may also increase a child’s risk. To diagnose this condition, your child’s doctor or specialist may perform a physical exam, blood tests and special imaging tests of your child’s joints (using X-ray, MRI and video imaging). Although there is no cure for JIA, there are treatments that help reduce pain and swelling. These treatments include medications, therapy, and possibly surgery. If your child has been diagnosed with JIA, talk with their doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other families.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

http://www.ifautoimmunearthritis.org

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

http://www.sclero.org/

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" returned 794 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Feasibility and safety of a 6-month exercise program to increase bone and muscle strength in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
 

Author(s): Kristin M Houghton, Heather M Macdonald, Heather A McKay, Jaime Guzman, Ciarán Duffy, Lori Tucker,

Journal:

 

Arthritis in childhood can be associated with muscle weakness around affected joints, low bone mass and low bone strength. Exercise is recognized as an important part of management of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) but the exercise prescription to best promote bone ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A wearable activity tracker intervention for promoting physical activity in adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a pilot study.
 

Author(s): Liane D Heale, Saunya Dover, Y Ingrid Goh, Victoria A Maksymiuk, Greg D Wells, Brian M Feldman

Journal:

 

Children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are less physically active than their healthy peers and are at high risk of missing out on the general health benefits of physical activity. Wearable activity trackers are a promising option for intervening in this ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Physical activity in patients with oligo- and polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis diagnosed in the era of biologics: a controlled cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Kristine Risum, Bjørge Herman Hansen, Anne Marit Selvaag, Øyvind Molberg, Hanne Dagfinrud, Helga Sanner

Journal:

 

Knowledge about objectively measured levels of physical activity (PA) and PA participation (included facilitators and barriers for PA) in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) diagnosed in the era of biologics is limited. We aimed to compare objectively measured PA in ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis" returned 118 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Dutch juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients, carers and clinicians create a research agenda together following the James Lind Alliance method: a study protocol.
 

Author(s): Casper G Schoemaker, Wineke Armbrust, Joost F Swart, Sebastiaan J Vastert, Jorg van Loosdregt, Anouk Verwoerd, Caroline Whiting, Katherine Cowan, Wendy Olsder, Els Versluis, Rens van Vliet, Marlous J Fernhout, Sanne L Bookelman, Jeannette Cappon, J Merlijn van den Berg, Ellen Schatorjé, Petra C E Hissink Muller, Sylvia Kamphuis, Joke de Boer, Otto T H M Lelieveld, Janjaap van der Net, Karin R Jongsma, Annemiek van Rensen, Christine Dedding, Nico M Wulffraat

Journal:

 

Research on Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) should support patients, caregivers/parents (carers) and clinicians to make important decisions in the consulting room and eventually to improve the lives of patients with JIA. Thus far these end-users of JIA-research have rarely been ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Methotrexate in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: advice and recommendations from the MARAJIA expert consensus meeting.
 

Author(s): Giovanna Ferrara, Greta Mastrangelo, Patrizia Barone, Francesco La Torre, Silvana Martino, Giovanni Pappagallo, Angelo Ravelli, Andrea Taddio, Francesco Zulian, Rolando Cimaz,

Journal:

 

Conventional pharmacological therapies for the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) consist of non-biological, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, among which methotrexate (MTX) is the most commonly prescribed. However, there is a lack of consensus-based clinical and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The role of IL-1 inhibition in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis: current status and future perspectives.
 

Author(s): Nataša Toplak, Štefan Blazina, Tadej Avčin

Journal:

 

The pathogenesis, clinical course, and response to treatment in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) differ from other types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis and are similar to other interleukin-1 (IL-1)-mediated diseases. The main cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Pharmacovigilance in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Patients Treated With Biologic Agents and/or Methotrexate
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2018

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Massage Therapy in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2018

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