Shin splints is a condition that is characterized by pain in the lower leg region (tibia bone). Shin splints are caused by overuse of the muscles and tissues that connect muscle to the bone. The symptoms of this condition may include: pain or tenderness in the lower section of the leg (between the knee and ankle) and swollenness in the affected region.
Shin splints are usually diagnosed when an individual expresses their discomfort to their doctor. The combination of a health history and a physical examination allows the doctor to make the diagnosis. Resting and applying ice to the affected area are the most effective methods of treating the symptoms. The temporary use of over-the-counter pain relievers can also lessen the symptoms of shin splints.
To prevent the condition from returning in the future, try stretching before vigorous exercise, obtaining supportive shoes, and varying exercise routines. Generally, the pain associated with shin splints will lessen over time. Contact your doctor if the symptoms do not decrease, because it might be an indication of a long-term (chronic) condition.