Mental retardation contractural arachnodactyly refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, and long thin fingers that stay constantly extended. Individuals with this form of intellectual disability often have problems with physical movements involving the hand. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is also often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if problems with the fingers are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is based on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Bone, joint, and orthopedic specialists can provide treatment for the extended fingers. Surgery is often needed to relax the finger contractures and return them to normal function. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.