Mental retardation - microcephaly - phalangeal - facial refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, a small head, and facial and bone abnormalities in the fingers and toes. As a result, individuals with this form of intellectual disability often have problems performing many types of tasks, from physically strenuous to delicate. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is also often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if a small head and abnormalities of the fingers and toes are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is based on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Orthopedists often recommend undergoing surgery to fix the problems with the fingers and toes. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.