Mental retardation - short, broad thumbs refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, and short, wide thumbs. Individuals with this form of intellectual disability often have problems with tasks involving the hand. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is also often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if small, broad thumbs are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is formulated case-by-case and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Hand specialists may suggest patients to undergo surgery to fix thumb mobility problems. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.