Mental retardation - short stature - absent phalanges refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, short body frame, and absent finger bones. Individuals with this form of intellectual disability often have problems with tasks involving physical activity and the hand. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is also often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if absent finger bones and short height are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment depends on the specific needs of the patient. Hand specialists may suggest patients to undergo surgery to fix finger mobility problems. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.