Mental retardation - short stature - hand contractures - genital anomalies refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, short body frame, continuous muscle tightening of the hand limiting its function, and abnormalities of the male reproductive organs. Individuals with this form of intellectual ability have trouble with tasks involving physical activity. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if muscle tightening of the hand and genital abnormalities are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Muscle specialists may create an exercise plan to help ease the patient's muscle tightening of the hand. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.