Neurofibromatosis

Common Name(s)

Neurofibromatosis

Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a group of genetic disorders that are caused by changes (mutations) in genes that help control cell growth. All forms of NF cause noncancerous (benign) tumors to develop along nerves, in the brain, or along the spinal cord. In some cases, the tumors can become cancerous (malignant). There are two main types of NF, neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). The type and severity of NF symptoms depends on the type of NF a person has and can include changes to skin color (pigment), benign tumors under the skin (neurofibromas), changes to the colored part of the eye (Lisch nodules), high blood pressure, delays in development, and hearing loss.

NF1 is caused by mutations in the NF1 gene while NF2 is caused by mutations in the NF2 gene. Both genes are tumor suppressors for nerve cells, which means they help control nerve cell growth and division. A mutation in either gene leads to uncontrolled nerve cell growth, which causes tumor development in nerve tissue throughout the body. Both conditions are inherited in an autosomal dominant way, which means a mutation in one of two copies of the gene a person has is enough to cause the condition. Each child of a person with NF has a 50% of also having NF.

There are clinical criteria that doctors use to diagnose NF. The condition is usually diagnosed by a doctor who is familiar with skin conditions (dermatologist) or genetic conditions (geneticist). Genetic testing is used to confirm the clinical diagnosis. Although NF does not have a cure, management of many of the symptoms is possible. Treatment usually involves surveillance of tumor growth in the body and, if necessary, surgery to remove tumors that are causing severe symptoms. If your child has been diagnosed with NF, talk with their doctor to determine a treatment plan. More information and support is available through NF support groups.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Neurofibromatosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Littlest Tumor Foundation

The Littlest Tumor Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to finding preventative therapies and threatment for tumor growth in children and providing wellness scholarships to families dealing with Neurofibromatosis (NF). Our mission is to increase understanding of NF, to empower families dealing with the disorder, and to continue research of preventative therapies.

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis Midwest

Neurofibromatosis Midwest provides hope to those with neurofibromatosis by funding clinical trials and ongoing research for a cure. We are dedicated to providing comfort through emotional support, education and improved clinical care.

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis, Inc., Northeast

Our mission is to find treatments and the cure for neurofibromatosis by promoting scientific research, creating awareness, and providing hope and support to those who are affected by NF.

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

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Texas Neurofibromatosis Foundation

We are committed to meeting the needs of people challenged with neurofibromatosis by providing care, comfort, support, information, education, funding and other resources for its treatment, prevention and cure.

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Neurofibromatosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Littlest Tumor Foundation

The Littlest Tumor Foundation is a nonprofit organization dedicated to finding preventative therapies and threatment for tumor growth in children and providing wellness scholarships to families dealing with Neurofibromatosis (NF). Our mission is to increase understanding of NF, to empower families dealing with the disorder, and to continue research of preventative therapies.

http://www.littlesttumor.org

Last Updated: 4 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis Midwest

Neurofibromatosis Midwest provides hope to those with neurofibromatosis by funding clinical trials and ongoing research for a cure. We are dedicated to providing comfort through emotional support, education and improved clinical care.

http://www.nfmidwest.org

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2013

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Neurofibromatosis, Inc., Northeast

Our mission is to find treatments and the cure for neurofibromatosis by promoting scientific research, creating awareness, and providing hope and support to those who are affected by NF.

http://www.nfincne.org

Last Updated: 5 May 2014

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Pediatric Brain Foundation

Pediatric Brain Foundation's Mission is Three-fold: 1. Expedite scientific research to find treatments and cures for ALL of the more than 14 million children, in the U.S. alone, living with some form of neurological disorder 2. Provide families and health care professionals with up-to-date information and resources on the latest discoveries in pediatric neurology 3. Educate the public and public officials on the critical importance of funding pediatric neurological research

http://www.pediatricbrainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2015

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Texas Neurofibromatosis Foundation

We are committed to meeting the needs of people challenged with neurofibromatosis by providing care, comfort, support, information, education, funding and other resources for its treatment, prevention and cure.

http://www.texasnf.org

Last Updated: 3 Jan 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Neurofibromatosis" returned 1154 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Corkscrew retinal vessels and retinal arterial macroaneurysm in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1: A case report.
 

Author(s): Jia Lu, Haiyan Liu, Lin Zhang, Lingjun Ma, Hongyan Zhou

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(30):e11497.

 

Neurofibromatosis type I (NF-1) is a multisystem autosomal dominant disease characterized by pigmentation and the growth of tumors along nerves in the skin, brain, and other parts of the body. It is caused by a mutation in the NF-1 tumor suppressor gene. NF-1 vascular disease is an ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Germline mutation of CHEK2 in neurofibromatosis 1 and 2: Two case reports.
 

Author(s): Qiang Li, Feilong Zhao, Yan Ju

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(23):e10894.

 

Neurofibromatosis, including type 1 and type 2, is inherited dominant disease that causes serious consequences. The genetic mechanism of these diseases has been described, but germline mutation of checkpoint 2 kinase gene, together with other DNA repair related genes, has not been ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Microsurgery for patients diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 2 complicated by vestibular schwannomas: Clinical experience and strategy for treatments.
 

Author(s): Li-Hua Chen, Hong-Tian Zhang, Ru-Xiang Xu, Li Zhang, Wen-De Li, Kai Sun

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(17):e0270.

 

Most patients diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) have bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VS). Through reviewing surgical method and clinical outcomes, we tried to find out a strategy for treatments in NF2 patients with VS.We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed pathological ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Neurofibromatosis" returned 131 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in patient with neurofibromatosis type 1: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Jiazhong Ren, Guoren Yang, Jing Zhou, Zheng Fu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 May;97(20):e10648.

 

Neurofibromatosis type one (NF1) is characterized by cutaneous and nervous lesions, and the tendency to form plexiform neurofibromas (PNFs). PNFs may undergo malignant transformation into a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs). MPNSTs often carry an significant morbidity and mortality.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Neurofibromatosis Type 1-Associated MPNST State of the Science: Outlining a Research Agenda for the Future.
 

Author(s): Karlyne M Reilly, AeRang Kim, Jaishri Blakely, Rosalie E Ferner, David H Gutmann, Eric Legius, Markku M Miettinen, R Lor Randall, Nancy Ratner, N L Jumbé, Annette Bakker, David Viskochil, Brigitte C Widemann, Douglas R Stewart

Journal: J. Natl. Cancer Inst.. 2017 Aug;109(8):.

 

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma for which the only effective therapy is surgery. In 2016, an international meeting entitled "MPNST State of the Science: Outlining a Research Agenda for the Future" was convened to establish short- ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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CNS Tumors in Neurofibromatosis.
 

Author(s): Jian Campian, David H Gutmann

Journal: J. Clin. Oncol.. 2017 Jul;35(21):2378-2385.

 

Neurofibromatosis (NF) encompasses a group of distinct genetic disorders in which affected children and adults are prone to the development of benign and malignant tumors of the nervous system. The purpose of this review is to discuss the spectrum of CNS tumors arising in individuals ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Neurofibromatosis-associated Tumor Biobank
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Neurofibromatoses

 

Last Updated: 29 Nov 2017

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Non-invasive Stimulation in Neurofibromatosis Type 1
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Neurofibromatosis 1

 

Last Updated: 30 Apr 2018

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Vision, Attention and Reading in Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) Children
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Neurofibromatosis Type 1

 

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2018

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