Visceral myopathy familial with external ophthalmoplegia is a rare inherited disease that mainly affects the digestive system and the eyes. It is also known as oculogastrointestinal muscular dystrophy and intestinal pseudoobstruction with external ophthalmoplegia. The disease can occur on its own (primary) or due to another disease (secondary).
Affected individuals may have gastroparesis, which is when your intestines move food more slowly than normal. This can result in constipation, a swollen stomach, loss of appetite, and overall bad nutrition. Other symptoms of the disease include weight loss, muscle loss, and weak or drooping eyes. Affected individuals can also have mental delays, seizures, and bladder problems.
The gene for the disease is recessive, meaning an affected individual must inherit the gene from both parents. The symptoms of the disease often first appear in childhood, but onset can happen at any time. When symptoms are severe, treatment may include food supplementation and/or a feeding tube to help the affected individual with extremely poor digestion.
If you or a family member has been diagnosed with visceral myopathy familial with external opthalmoplegia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also good resources for information. Description Last Updated: Sep 30, 2017